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The Tragedy of the Commons in a Violent World

  • Petros G. Sekeris

    ()

    (Center for Research in the Economics of Development, University of Namur)

Earlier research has shown that the tragedy of the commons may be resolved by Folk theorems for dynamic games. In this article we graft on a standard natural-resource exploitation game the possibility to appropriate the resource through violent means. Because conflict emerges endogenously as resources get depleted, the threat supporting the cooperative outcome is no longer subgame perfect, and thus credible. The unique equilibrium is such that players exploit non-cooperatively the resource when it is abundant and they revert to conflict when it becomes scarce. The players' utility is shown to be lower even if conflict wastes no resources.

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File URL: http://www.fundp.ac.be/eco/economie/recherche/wpseries/wp/1213.pdf
File Function: First version, 2012
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Paper provided by University of Namur, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 1213.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:nam:wpaper:1213
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