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Adjustment in Local Labour and Housing Markets

  • Arthur Grimes

    ()

    (Motu Economic and Public Policy Research)

  • David C. Maré

    ()

    (Motu Economic and Public Policy Research)

  • Melanie Morten

    ()

    (Motu Economic and Public Policy Research)

This paper analyses local labour and hosuing market adjustment in New Zealand from 1989 to 2006. We use a VAR approach to examine the adjustment of employment, employment rate, participation rate, wages, and house prices in response to employment shocks. Migration is a major adjustment response at both a national and regional level. Nationally, a 1% positive employment shock leads to a long-run level of employment 1.3% higher, with half of the extra jobs filled by migrants. A 1% region-specific employment shock raises the long-run regional share of employment by 0.5 percentage points, due entirely to in-migration. House price responses differ at different spatial scales. Nationally, house prices are very responsive to employment shocks: a 1% employment shock raising long run house prices by 6% , as may be expected with an upward sloping housing supply curve. Paradoxically, this relationship does not hold at the regional level.

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File URL: http://motu-www.motu.org.nz/wpapers/07_10.pdf
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Paper provided by Motu Economic and Public Policy Research in its series Working Papers with number 07_10.

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Length: 48 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mtu:wpaper:07_10
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  1. Dave Maré & Jason Timmins, 2003. "Moving to Jobs?," Labor and Demography 0309003, EconWPA.
  2. Olivier Jean Blanchard & Lawrence F. Katz, 1992. "Regional Evolutions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 23(1), pages 1-76.
  3. Fredriksson, Peter, 1999. "The Dynamics of Regional Labor Markets and Active Labor Market Policy: Swedish Evidence," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 51(4), pages 623-48, October.
  4. Mark J. Holmes & Arthur Grimes, 2005. "Is there long-run convergence of regional house prices in the UK?," Working Papers 05_11, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
  5. Paolo Mauro & Antonio Spilimbergo, 1998. "How Do the Skilled and the Unskilled Respond to Regional Shocks? the Case of Spain," IMF Working Papers 98/77, International Monetary Fund.
  6. Love, Inessa & Zicchino, Lea, 2002. "Financial development and dynamic investment behavior : evidence from panel vector autoregression," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2913, The World Bank.
  7. Benkwitz, Alexander & Lütkepohl, Helmut & Wolters, Jürgen, 1999. "Comparison of bootstrap confidence intervals for impulse responses of German monetary systems," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 1999,29, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
  8. Arthur Grimes & Andrew Aitken, 2005. "What’s the Beef with House Prices? Economic Shocks and Local Housing Markets," Urban/Regional 0509011, EconWPA.
  9. Decressin, Jorg & Fatas, Antonio, 1995. "Regional labor market dynamics in Europe," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(9), pages 1627-1655, December.
  10. Arthur Grimes & David C. Maré & Melanie Morten, 2006. "Defining Areas: Linking Geographic Data in New Zealand," Working Papers 06_07, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
  11. repec:cup:macdyn:v:5:y:2001:i:1:p:81-100 is not listed on IDEAS
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