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Characteristics and Dietary Patterns of Healthy and Less-Healthy Eaters in the Low-Income Population

Author

Listed:
  • Yonatan Ben-Shalom
  • Mary Kay Fox
  • P.K. Newby

Abstract

This report reviews sociodemographic and dietary characteristics of individuals in each group and describes their distinct dietary patterns, as identified through a cluster analysis of dietary intake. Individuals were classified as healthy or less-healthy eaters according to their scores on the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) 2005. Among adults, characteristics associated with healthy eating include being female, older than 60, and foreign-born. Among children, they include being ages 2 to 5 and living in a household with a foreign-born individual. In addition, both child and adult healthy eaters were more likely than less-healthy eaters to eat breakfast, eat three meals daily, and consume fruits and vegetables.

Suggested Citation

  • Yonatan Ben-Shalom & Mary Kay Fox & P.K. Newby, 2012. "Characteristics and Dietary Patterns of Healthy and Less-Healthy Eaters in the Low-Income Population," Mathematica Policy Research Reports c1f41b94fe40412fb98089df5, Mathematica Policy Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:mpr:mprres:c1f41b94fe40412fb98089df5fbf62f5
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    File URL: https://www.mathematica-mpr.com/-/media/publications/pdfs/nutrition/less_healthy_eaters.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Coleman-Jensen, Alisha & Nord, Mark & Andrews, Margaret S. & Carlson, Steven, 2011. "Household Food Security in the United States in 2010," Economic Research Report 118021, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    2. Guthrie, Joanne F. & Frazao, Elizabeth & Andrews, Margaret S. & Smallwood, David M., 2007. "Improving Food Choices—Can Food Stamps Do More?," Amber Waves, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, April.
    3. Guthrie, Joanne F. & Frazao, Elizabeth & Andrews, Margaret S. & Smallwood, David M., 2007. "Improving Food Choices-Can Food Stamps Do More?," Amber Waves, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, May.
    4. Nord, Mark & Andrews, Margaret S. & Carlson, Steven, 2009. "Household Food Security in the United States, 2008," Economic Research Report 55953, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    SNAP ; Dietary Patterns ; Low-Income Populations ; Healthy Eaters;

    JEL classification:

    • I0 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - General
    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health

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