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L’impatto sociale della produzione di scienza su larga scala: come governarlo?


  • Massimo FLORIO


  • Francesco GIFFONI



L’appropriazione di conoscenze è oggi forse più importante della proprietà di capitali tangibili nel determinare la distribuzione dei redditi. Il paper analizza l’impatto socioeconomico e le ricadute distributive dell’attività delle (grandi) infrastrutture di ricerca (IR). Dopo aver definito le IR e rilevato che esse generano un beneficio sociale netto, gli autori sostengono che, sotto il profilo distributivo, la possibilità per le imprese private di appropriarsi gratuitamente della conoscenza prodotta dalla ricerca pubblica (finanziata dai contribuenti) aggrava le disuguaglianze. Tra i possibili rimedi, gli autori propongono la creazione di un nuovo tipo di impresa pubblica come polo della creazione di conoscenza.

Suggested Citation

  • Massimo FLORIO & Francesco GIFFONI, 2019. "L’impatto sociale della produzione di scienza su larga scala: come governarlo?," Departmental Working Papers 2019-05, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
  • Handle: RePEc:mil:wpdepa:2019-05

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Infrastrutture di ricerca; Innovazione; Disuguaglianza; Economia della conoscenza; Imprese pubbliche “mission-oriented”; Open science;

    JEL classification:

    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • D6 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • L17 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Open Source Products and Markets
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • M48 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Government Policy and Regulation


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