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Innovation in Clean Coal Technologies: Empirical Evidence from Firm-Level Patent Data

Author

Listed:
  • Jürgen Kruse

    () (University of Cologne)

  • Heike Wetzel

    () (University of Kassel)

Abstract

This article empirically analyzes supply-side and demand-side factors expected to affect innovation in clean coal technologies. Patent data from 93 national and international patent offices is used to construct new firm-level panel data on 3,648 clean coal innovators over the time period 1978 to 2009. The results indicate that on the supply-side a firm’s history in clean coal patenting and overall propensity to patent positively affects clean coal innovation. On the demand-side we find strong evidence that environmental regulation of emissions, that is, CO2, NOX and SO2, induces innovation in both efficiency improving combustion and after pollution control technologies.

Suggested Citation

  • Jürgen Kruse & Heike Wetzel, 2016. "Innovation in Clean Coal Technologies: Empirical Evidence from Firm-Level Patent Data," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201615, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
  • Handle: RePEc:mar:magkse:201615
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    clean coal technologies; innovation; patents; technological change;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation

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