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Impact of Multinational Enterprises on Competition, Productivity and Trade Spillovers across European Firms

Author

Listed:
  • Jan Hanousek

    (CERGE-EI, Charles University)

  • Evzen Kocenda
  • Pavla Vozarova

    (Faculty of Information Technology, Czech Technical University)

Abstract

We analyze the impact of multinational enterprises (MNEs), via their foreign direct investment, on domestic firms in 30 European host economies, from 2001 to 2013. We incorporate international industrial and trade linkages into a standard theoretical framework and test them empirically on a unique dataset compiled from the Amadeus, Eurostat, UNComtrade and BACI data sources and aggregated at industry level. While controlling for horizontal, vertical, and export channels at the upstream and downstream levels, we show that the presence of MNEs significantly affects domestic firms by changing the degree of competition and improving productivity. The impact is not always positive, as domestic firms are often crowded-out, but the negative effect for an average firm is mostly small.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Hanousek & Evzen Kocenda & Pavla Vozarova, 2020. "Impact of Multinational Enterprises on Competition, Productivity and Trade Spillovers across European Firms," KIER Working Papers 1028, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:kyo:wpaper:1028
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    multinational enterprise (MNE); foreign direct investment (FDI); European firms; spillovers; international trade;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • O24 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy

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