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Foreign direct investment and export spillovers: Evidence from Vietnam

  • Anwar, Sajid
  • Nguyen, Lan Phi

The existing IB literature suggests that the presence of foreign firms in a country can benefit domestic firms through the formation of inter-firm linkages. These linkages can take various forms. By making use of firm level data from Vietnam's manufacturing sector, this paper examines the impact of horizontal and vertical (backward and forward) linkages between domestic and foreign firms on (i) the decision of domestic firms to export and (ii) the export share of domestic firms. This paper considers only transactional linkages. The empirical analysis is based on Heckman's two-step estimator in selection models. It is shown that the presence of foreign firms in Vietnam, through horizontal and forward linkages, significantly affects the decision of domestic firms to export as well as their export share. This result continues to hold when we take into account factors such as the (a) level of technology of domestic firms, (b) ownership structure of domestic firms, (c) orientation of foreign firms and (d) geographical proximity to foreign firms.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Business Review.

Volume (Year): 20 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 177-193

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