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Foreign Ownership and Corporate Performance: The Czech Republic at EU Entry

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  • Stepan Jurajda
  • Juraj Stancik

Abstract

Does foreign ownership improve corporate performance or do foreign firms merely select more productive targets for takeover? Do workers benefit from foreign acquisitions? We answer these questions based on comparing the be- fore/after change in several performance indicators of Czech firms subject to foreign takeover after 1997, i.e., after the initial waves of privatization were completed, with the corresponding performance change of matched compa- nies that remain domestically owned until 2005. We find that the impact of foreign investors on domestic acquisitions is significantly positive only in non-exporting manufacturing industries, while it is small in both services and manufacturing industries competing on international markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Stepan Jurajda & Juraj Stancik, 2009. "Foreign Ownership and Corporate Performance: The Czech Republic at EU Entry," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp389, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague.
  • Handle: RePEc:cer:papers:wp389
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    Cited by:

    1. Jan Hanousek & Evzen Kocenda & Pavla Vozárová, 2020. "Impact of Multinational Enterprises on Competition, Productivity and Trade Spillovers across European Firms," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 70(2), pages 172-212, August.
    2. Iwasaki, Ichiro & Kočenda, Evžen, 2017. "Are some owners better than others in Czech privatized firms? Even meta-analysis can’t make us perfectly sure," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 537-568.
    3. Evzen Kocenda & Jan Hanousek, 2012. "Firm break-up and performance," Economics of Governance, Springer, vol. 13(2), pages 121-143, June.
    4. Štěpán Jurajda & Juraj Stančík, 2013. "Organization and Firm Performance in the Czech Republic," Prague Economic Papers, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2013(1), pages 85-110.
    5. Jan Hanousek & Evzen Kocenda & Pavla Vozarova, 2017. "Productivity and Trade Spillovers: Horizontal Crowding-Out Versus Vertical Synergies in Europe as a Response to Foreign Direct Investment," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp601, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague.
    6. Ichiro IWASAKI & Satoshi MIZOBATA, 2018. "Post-Privatization Ownership And Firm Performance: A Large Meta-Analysis Of The Transition Literature," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 89(2), pages 263-322, June.
    7. Jan Hanousek & Evžen Kočenda & Pavla Vozárová, 2017. "Vliv Přímých Zahraničních Investic Na Dodavatelské Vztahy A Postavení Domácích Výrobců Meziproduktů [FDI's Impact on Inter-industry Interactions among Domestic Suppliers of Intermediate Goods]," Politická ekonomie, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2017(4), pages 391-409.
    8. Michael Moritz & Bastian Stockinger & Merlind Trepesch, 2017. "Multinational Resilience or Dispensable Jobs? German FDI and Employment in the Czech Republic Around the Great Recession," Prague Economic Papers, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2017(3), pages 345-359.
    9. Jude, Cristina, 2012. "FDI, Productivity and Wages. New Evidence from a Romanian Matched Sample," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(4), pages 36-55, December.
    10. Evžen Kočenda & Jan Hanousek, 2011. "Vliv rozdělení českých podniků na ziskovost a produktivitu [Effect of the Czech Firms Break-Up on their Profitability and Productivity]," Politická ekonomie, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2011(5), pages 579-598.
    11. János Köllő & István Boza & László Balázsi, 2021. "Wage gains from foreign ownership: evidence from linked employer–employee data," Journal for Labour Market Research, Springer;Institute for Employment Research/ Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), vol. 55(1), pages 1-21, December.
    12. Iuliana Oana MIHAI, 2012. "Foreign Owned Companies and Financial Performance. A Case Study on Companies Listed on Bucharest Stock Exchange," Economics and Applied Informatics, "Dunarea de Jos" University of Galati, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, issue 1, pages 13-20.
    13. Lindemanis, Mārtiņš & Loze, Artūrs & Pajuste, Anete, 2022. "The effect of domestic to foreign ownership change on firm performance in Europe," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 81(C).
    14. Ichiro Iwasaki & Satoshi Mizobata, 2020. "Ownership Concentration and Firm Performance in European Emerging Economies: A Meta-Analysis," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 56(1), pages 32-67, January.
    15. Alena Zemplinerova, 2010. "Competition policy and economic analysis: What can we learn from firm and industry data?," CERGE-EI Books, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague, edition 1, number b07, November.
    16. Vasileios A. Vlachos & Dimitris Kalimeris, 2010. "International business spillovers in emerging markets: the Visegrad group," International Journal of Economic Policy in Emerging Economies, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 3(4), pages 330-345.
    17. Pavla NIKOLOVOVÁ, 2013. "Sourcing Patterns of FDI Activity and Their Impact on the Domestic Economy," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 63(3), pages 288-302, July.
    18. Kateřina Duspivová, 2019. "Produktivita práce a odměňování v duální ekonomice: role zahraničních investic v České republice [Labour Productivity and Remuneration in a Dual Economy: The Role of Foreign Investment in the Czech," Politická ekonomie, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2019(5), pages 511-529.
    19. Iuliana Oana MIHAI, 2011. "Foreign Capital and Firm Performance - Study Case on Companies Listed on BSE," Risk in Contemporary Economy, "Dunarea de Jos" University of Galati, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, pages 400-405.
    20. Marian Dinga, 2011. "The Role of Investment Incentives in Regional FDI Reallocation: A Regression-Discontinuity Approach," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp438, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Productivity; foreign ownership; FDI;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business

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