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The ARDL Test of Gender Kuznets Curve for G7 Countries

  • Dilara Kýlýnç

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Izmir University of Economics)

  • Esra Onater

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Izmir University of Economics)

  • Ý. Hakan Yetkiner

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Izmir University of Economics)

The Gender Kuznets Curve (GKC) hypothesis argues that economic development has a non-linear effect on the female share of workers. There is, however, growing debate on the exact shape of this non-linear relationship. The aim of this paper is to test the GKC hypothesis in order to determine whether data supports a quadratic or a cubic GKC for each G7 countries in the long run. The ARDL bounds testing approach of cointegration yields evidence for the following: Canada, United Kingdom and United States have an inverted U-shaped GKC; Japan has an S-shaped GKC and France has an inverted-S shaped GKC; and finally that Italy and Germany have no long run GKC relationship in the respective periods of countries considered. We conclude that gender equality is not a direct result of development, and therefore policy makers having a gender equalization policy need to subsidize the employment of female workers in periods of fall.

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Paper provided by Izmir University of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 1305.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:izm:wpaper:1305
Contact details of provider: Fax: (90) 232 279 2626
Web page: http://eco.ieu.edu.tr

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