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Working Hour Arrangements and Working Hours – A Microeconometric Analysis Based on German Time Use Diary Data

Author

Listed:
  • Merz, Joachim

    () (Leuphana University Lüneburg)

  • Burgert, Derik

    () (Leuphana University Lüneburg)

Abstract

The labour market providing individual resources and economic well-being is an actual topic in the economic and social policy discussion. In the course of time the traditional full-time work is diminishing, new labour arrangements are discussed ( keyword: flexible labour markets). This study will contribute to the discussion of working hour arrangements by quantifying patterns of explanation of ‘who is working when within a workday’. In particular we want to disentangle certain working hour patterns and the final hours of work according to those different patterns allowing for market and non-market influences. The daily working hour patterns are analysed by two dimensions: the fragmentation of a working day (by the number of working episodes) and the timing of work time by location of those episodes within the day’s period. Based on an extended microeconomic labour supply/household production our microeconometric estimates use a multinomial logit (MNL) model to explain the working hour arrangement probability and a MNL selectivity bias corrected hours estimation for arrangement specific working hours with correct asymptotic covariances. Our study is the first German study of this kind which could analyse the actual available German Time Use Survey 1991/92 from the Federal Statistical Office with ca. 32.000 time diaries.

Suggested Citation

  • Merz, Joachim & Burgert, Derik, 2003. "Working Hour Arrangements and Working Hours – A Microeconometric Analysis Based on German Time Use Diary Data," IZA Discussion Papers 922, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp922
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Daniel S. Hamermesh, 2002. "Timing, togetherness and time windfalls," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 15(4), pages 601-623.
    2. John C. Ham, 1982. "Estimation of a Labour Supply Model with Censoring Due to Unemployment and Underemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 49(3), pages 335-354.
    3. Killingsworth, Mark R. & Heckman, James J., 1987. "Female labor supply: A survey," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 2, pages 103-204 Elsevier.
    4. Elke Holst & Jürgen Schupp, 1994. "Ist Teilzeitarbeit der richtige Weg?: Arbeitszeitpräferenzen in West- und Ostdeutschland," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 61(35), pages 618-620.
    5. Hamermesh, Daniel S, 1999. "The Timing of Work over Time," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(452), pages 37-66, January.
    6. Joachim, Merz, 2002. "Time Use Research and Time Use Data Actual Topics and New Frontiers," MPRA Paper 6347, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Hamermesh, Daniel S, 1998. "When We Work," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 321-325, May.
    8. Lee, Lung-Fei, 1983. "Generalized Econometric Models with Selectivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(2), pages 507-512, March.
    9. Harvey, Andrew & Fisher, Kimberly & Gershuny, Jonathan & Akbari, Ather, 2000. "Examining working time arrangements using time use survey data," ISER Working Paper Series 2000-22, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pfeifer, Christian, 2005. "Betriebliche Determinanten von Teilzeitarbeit, Mini- und Midi-Jobs; Eine theoretische und empirische Analyse mit niedersächsischen Betriebsdaten," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) dp-324, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    2. Pfeifer, Christian, 2007. "Eine theoretische und empirische Analyse der betrieblichen Determinanten von Teilzeitarbeit, Mini- und Midi-Jobs (A theoretical and empirical analysis of the company determinants of part-time work, mi," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 40(1), pages 65-76.
    3. Dominik Hanglberger, 2011. "Arbeitszufriedenheit im internationalen Vergleich," FFB-Discussionpaper 86, Research Institute on Professions (Forschungsinstitut Freie Berufe (FFB)), LEUPHANA University Lüneburg.
    4. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:40:i:1:p:65-76 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    discrete/continuous extended labour supply modeling; MNL/COLS-estimation; German time budget study; working hours; working hour arrangements; timing of work time; time use diary data;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J29 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Other

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