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Arbeitszeitarrangements - Neue Ergebnisse aus der nationalen Zeitbudgeterhebung 2001/02 im Zeitvergleich zu 1991/92


  • Joachim Merz
  • Derik Burgert

    () (LEUPHANA University Lüneburg,Department of Economic, Behaviour and Law Sciences, Research Institute on Professions (Forschungsinstitut Freie Berufe (FFB)))


Up to now the discussion about new working time arrangements and flexible working times has lacked an empirical foundation based on personal micro data. It is the task of this study to analyze deviations from what we call a normal work day in two dimensions: first, in respect of the timing of work time, second, the issue of whether a work day is interrupted into several periods of work by longer breaks. Beyond a mere descriptive analysis of socio-economic characteristics for the respective working time arrangements we employed a multinomial logit model to explain the individual choice of a working time pattern. Using the two time budget studies conducted by the German Federal Statistical Office in 1991/92 and 2001/02 we present the development of working time arrangements. It turns out that for the time interval between the two samples the share of normal work days in total work days has declined considerably. At the same time the socio-economic structure of the working time arrangements and the reasons for choosing a special type of working time has changed as well. While e.g. in 1991/92 pecuniary (dis- )incentives as wage or further household income played a prominent role in the decision for a working time pattern, this role has declined during the ten year period.

Suggested Citation

  • Joachim Merz & Derik Burgert, 2005. "Arbeitszeitarrangements - Neue Ergebnisse aus der nationalen Zeitbudgeterhebung 2001/02 im Zeitvergleich zu 1991/92," FFB-Discussionpaper 47, Research Institute on Professions (Forschungsinstitut Freie Berufe (FFB)), LEUPHANA University Lüneburg.
  • Handle: RePEc:leu:wpaper:47

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Daniel S. Hamermesh, 2002. "Timing, togetherness and time windfalls," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 15(4), pages 601-623.
    2. John C. Ham, 1982. "Estimation of a Labour Supply Model with Censoring Due to Unemployment and Underemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 49(3), pages 335-354.
    3. Merz, Joachim & Burgert, Derik, 2003. "Working Hour Arrangements and Working Hours A Microeconometric Analysis Based on German Time Diary Data," MPRA Paper 5979, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Blundell, Richard & Macurdy, Thomas, 1999. "Labor supply: A review of alternative approaches," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 27, pages 1559-1695 Elsevier.
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    6. Elke Holst & Jürgen Schupp, 1994. "Ist Teilzeitarbeit der richtige Weg?: Arbeitszeitpräferenzen in West- und Ostdeutschland," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 61(35), pages 618-620.
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    More about this item


    Working hour arrangements; labour supply; time allocation; human capital; self -employed; employees; multinomial logit; time use diaries; German Time Budget Survey 1991/92;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General


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