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Identifying Population Groups at High Risk of Social Exclusion: Evidence from the ECHP

  • Tsakloglou, Panos

    ()

    (Athens University of Economics and Business)

  • Papadopoulos, Fotis

    (affiliation not available)

In recent years in the public discourse of many European countries there has been a shift in emphasis from "poverty" to "social exclusion". Broadly interpreted, "social exclusion" implies the "inability of an individual to participate in the basic political, economic and social functionings of the society in which she/he lives". In practice, there is little consensus about its proper operationalisation. The paper approaches "social exclusion" from the point of view of "chronic cumulative disadvantage" and attempts to identify population members at high risk of social exclusion in EU countries using the information of the European Community Household Panel (ECHP). The results show that there are many qualitative similarities and quantitative differences across the EU. In almost all countries the looser the links of the individual or the household with the labour market the higher the risk of social exclusion. However, the extent to which secure and uninterrupted employment provides a shield against social exclusion varies a lot across countries. Moreover, in almost all countries children face a higher risk of social exclusion than the rest of the population. To a large extent, this risk is accounted by the higher than average risk of social exclusion facing children living in lone-parent households. On the contrary, older persons face a high risk of social exclusion in only a few southern EU countries.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 392.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2001
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: R. Muffels, P. Tsakloglou and D. Mayes (eds.), Social Exclusion in European Welfare States, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 2002, pp. 135-169
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp392
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  1. Buhmann, Brigitte, et al, 1988. "Equivalence Scales, Well-Being, Inequality, and Poverty: Sensitivity Estimates across Ten Countries Using the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) Database," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 34(2), pages 115-42, June.
  2. Immervoll, Herwig & Sutherland, Holly & de Vos, Klaas, 2000. "Child poverty and child benefits in the European Union," EUROMOD Working Papers EM1/00, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  3. Stephen P. Jenkins, 2000. "Modelling household income dynamics," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 13(4), pages 529-567.
  4. Sen, Amartya, 1999. "Commodities and Capabilities," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195650389, March.
  5. Carlos Farinha Rodrigues, 1999. "Income distribution and poverty in Portugal (1994/95)," Working Papers Department of Economics 1999/04, ISEG - School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, University of Lisbon.
  6. Desai, Meghnad & Shah, Anup, 1988. "An Econometric Approach to the Measurement of Poverty," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 40(3), pages 505-22, September.
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