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Analýza chudoby na Slovensku založená na koncepte relatívnej deprivácie
[Analysis of Poverty in Slovakia Based on the Concept of Relative Deprivation]

Author

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  • Tomáš Želinský

Abstract

It is always difficult to define the one and only measure of poverty, as there are different concepts of poverty based on a number of welfare indicators. The paper discuses main approaches to individual welfare measurement. A measure of individual welfare in the concept of relative deprivation is proposed. Three dimensions of relative deprivation are considered (economic strain, inability to afford certain items, and housing). The measure is based on multiplicative approach and thus is more sensitive to changes and differences in data than measures based on additive approach. The measure reflects the complex nature of households´ relative deprivation and is applied to Slovak EU SILC 2005 - 2008 microdata in order to analyze the level of poverty in Slovakia in the concept of relative deprivation. Three different poverty lines are applied to the data and results are compared. Level of poverty in terms of relative deprivation is decreasing in Slovakia over time. Using the proposed approach, the results strongly depend on the number of components included in each dimension, as well as the components itself. In accordance with economic changes in the society, in the further research reappraisal of certain components could be a matter of discussion in order to reflect the present situation.

Suggested Citation

  • Tomáš Želinský, 2010. "Analýza chudoby na Slovensku založená na koncepte relatívnej deprivácie
    [Analysis of Poverty in Slovakia Based on the Concept of Relative Deprivation]
    ," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2010(4), pages 542-565.
  • Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlpol:v:2010:y:2010:i:4:id:746:p:542-565
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Zelinsky, Tomas, 2014. "Chudoba a deprivácia na Slovensku: Metodologické aspekty a empíria
      [Poverty and Deprivation in Slovakia: Methodological Aspects and Empirics]
      ," MPRA Paper 76868, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Tomas Zelinsky, 2012. "Changes in Relative Material Deprivation in Regions of Slovakia and the Czech Republic," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 59(3), pages 335-353, June.
    3. Rezankova, Hana & Zelinsky, Tomas, 2014. "Faktory míry materiální deprivace v České republice a jejich vztahy k typu domácnosti
      [The Factors of Material Deprivation Rate in the Czech Republic by Household Type]
      ," MPRA Paper 76879, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    poverty estimation; relative deprivation; deprivation index; welfare index; EU SILC;

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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