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Changes in Relative Material Deprivation in Regions of Slovakia and the Czech Republic


  • Tomas Zelinsky

    () (Department of Regional Science and Management, Faculty of Economics, Technical University of Kosice, Slovakia; Institute of Economic Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic)


The aim of this article is to assess the level of relative material deprivation in the Czech and Slovak Republics and their regions. The first part of the article describes the level of households’ equipment with utilities and durables using the 1991 and 2001 censuses. The second part is aimed at estimating the relative material deprivation in the Czech and Slovak regions using EU SILC 2006–2008 microdata, i.e. approximately 15 years after the split. The results indicate that there are significant differences in the relative material deprivation rates between the Czech Republic and Slovakia and among their regions. According to the results, the level of deprivation is higher in Slovakia, and deprived households are highly concentrated in the eastern part of Slovakia. The regions can be divided into five clusters, while the Czech Capital Prague Region has a special position. It has the highest level of housing deprivation and the lowest level of durables/economic strain deprivation.

Suggested Citation

  • Tomas Zelinsky, 2012. "Changes in Relative Material Deprivation in Regions of Slovakia and the Czech Republic," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 59(3), pages 335-353, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:voj:journl:v:59:y:2012:i:3:p:335-353

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hatice Karaçay Çakmak, 2010. "Can the Capability Approach be Evaluated within the Frame of Mainstream Economics? A Methodological Analysis," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 57(1), pages 85-99, March.
    2. Kosta Josifidis & Alpar Lošonc & Novica Supić, 2010. "Neoliberalism: Befall or Respite?," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 57(1), pages 101-117, March.
    3. Desai, Meghnad & Shah, Anup, 1988. "An Econometric Approach to the Measurement of Poverty," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 40(3), pages 505-522, September.
    4. Renatá Vokorokosová, 2010. "Do Minimum Wage Changes Influence Employment?," Economic Analysis, Institute of Economic Sciences, vol. 43(1-2), pages 83-90.
    5. FUSCO Alessio & GUIO Anne-Catherine & MARLIER Eric, 2011. "Income poverty and material deprivation in European countries," LISER Working Paper Series 2011-04, LISER.
    6. Tomáš Želinský, 2010. "Analýza chudoby na Slovensku založená na koncepte relatívnej deprivácie [Analysis of Poverty in Slovakia Based on the Concept of Relative Deprivation]," Politická ekonomie, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2010(4), pages 542-565.
    7. Jean-Yves Duclos & Abdelkrim Araar, 2006. "Poverty and Equity," Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion, and Well-Being, Springer, number 978-0-387-33318-2, December.
    8. Růžena Vintrová, 2008. "Česká a slovenská ekonomika 15 let po rozdělení [The czech and slovak economy 15 years after the split]," Politická ekonomie, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2008(4), pages 449-466.
    9. Shlomo Yitzhaki, 1979. "Relative Deprivation and the Gini Coefficient," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 93(2), pages 321-324.
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    Cited by:

    1. Martin Kahanec & M. Guzi & M. Martišková & M. Paleník & F. Pertold & Z. Siebertová, 2012. "GINI Country Report: Growing Inequalities and their Impacts in the Czech Republic and Slovakia," GINI Country Reports czech_slovak, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.
    2. Martin Kahanec & Martin Guzi & Monika Martišková & Michal Paleník & Filip Pertold & Zuzana Siebertová, 2013. "GINI Country Report: The Czech Republic and Slovakia," Research Reports 7, Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI).

    More about this item


    Poverty; Relative material deprivation; Czech Republic; Slovakia; EU SILC;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population


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