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Pauvrete Des Capacites Au Tchad : Une Exploration Des Dimensions Manquantes Des Donnees Dans La Capitale N’Djamena

  • Christian Nadjiarabeye BEASSOUM
  • Olivier BEGUY
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    La pauvreté est une réalité très présente au Tchad dont la mesure dans une perspective multidimensionnelle est reconnue de plus en plus comme une nécessité à travers le monde. En se basant sur l’approche des capacités de Sen, l’Initiative d’Oxford pour la pauvreté et le développement (OPHI) a identifié des dimensions de la qualité de vie qui sont jusque-là absentes ou peu considérées dans les enquêtes. Cette étude intègre les instruments de collecte de données sur les dimensions manquantes des données dans une enquête légère auprès des ménages de la ville de N’Djaména. Une exploration des données collectées a permis de retenir huit dimensions représentées par douze indicateurs pour conduire une analyse de la pauvreté utilisant les mesures de Alkire et Foster (2009). L’étude a montré que la contribution des privations sur les dimensions manquantes à la pauvreté est très importante : la précarité dans l’emploi contribue à elle seule au 1/5 de la pauvreté et l’insécurité a une contribution de 7%. Il a été mis en évidence que les femmes chef de ménage vivent plus dans la pauvreté que les chefs de ménage du sexe opposé. Il faut donc que la Stratégie nationale de protection sociale (SNPS) en élaboration doit accorder une priorité aux politiques de promotion de l’emploi décent et assurer la sécurité des personnes et des biens, avec un renforcement de la promotion de la femme.

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    Paper provided by PEP-PMMA in its series Working Papers PMMA with number 2011-17.

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    Date of creation: 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2011-17
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    1. Sabina Alkire, 2005. "Why the Capability Approach?," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(1), pages 115-135.
    2. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
    3. Emma Samman, 2007. "Psychological and Subjective Well-being: A Proposal for Internationally Comparable Indicators," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(4), pages 459-486.
    4. Sabina Alkire & Maria Emma Santos, 2010. "Acute Multidimensional Poverty: A New Index for Developing Countries," Human Development Research Papers (2009 to present) HDRP-2010-11, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
    5. Bourguignon, F. & Chakravarty, S.R., 1998. "The Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty," DELTA Working Papers 98-12, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
    6. Deepa Narayan & Robert Chambers & Meera K. Shah & Patti Petesch, 2000. "Voices of the Poor : Crying Out for Change," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13848.
    7. Alkire, Sabina, 2008. "Choosing Dimensions: The Capability Approach and Multidimensional Poverty," MPRA Paper 8862, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Solava Ibrahim & Sabina Alkire, 2007. "Agency and Empowerment: A Proposal for Internationally Comparable Indicators," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(4), pages 379-403.
    9. Ravallion, Martin, 1996. "Issues in measuring and modeling poverty," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1615, The World Bank.
    10. Ravallion, M., 1998. "Poverty Lines in Theory and Practice," Papers 133, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
    11. Ingrid Robeyns, 2005. "The Capability Approach: a theoretical survey," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(1), pages 93-117.
    12. Maria Ana Lugo, 2007. "Employment: A Proposal for Internationally Comparable Indicators," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(4), pages 361-378.
    13. A. Atkinson, 2003. "Multidimensional Deprivation: Contrasting Social Welfare and Counting Approaches," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 51-65, April.
    14. Rachael Diprose, 2007. "Physical Safety and Security: A Proposal for Internationally Comparable Indicators of Violence," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(4), pages 431-458.
    15. Sabina Alkire, 2007. "The Missing Dimensions of Poverty Data: Introduction to the Special Issue," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(4), pages 347-359.
    16. Sabina Alkire, 2007. "The Missing Dimensions of Poverty Data: An Introduction," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp001, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
    17. Emma Samman, 2007. "Psychological and Subjective Wellbeing: A Proposal for Internationally Comparable Indicators," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp006, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
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