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The Definition and Measurement of Poverty

Author

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  • Aldi Hagenaars
  • Klaas de Vos

Abstract

Both poverty research and social policy employ a variety of poverty definitions. The choice of one specific definition has major consequences for the resulting poverty population. This paper uses eight different definitions of poverty to determine who is poor, using a 1983 Dutch sample of more than 12,000 households. Poverty according to each of these definitions is compared over different subgroups. The relevance of the choice between definitions for social policy is shown by the presentation of poverty percentages according to the various definitions, which vary widely.

Suggested Citation

  • Aldi Hagenaars & Klaas de Vos, 1988. "The Definition and Measurement of Poverty," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 23(2), pages 211-221.
  • Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:23:y:1988:i:2:p:211-221
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    2. Alexandre Gori-Maia, 2013. "Relative Income, Inequality and Subjective Wellbeing: Evidence for Brazil," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 113(3), pages 1193-1204, September.
    3. G. M., Arif & Ahmad, Munir, 2001. "Poverty across the agro- ecological zones in rural Pakistan," MPRA Paper 37681, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Berthold, Norbert & Brunner, Alexander, 2011. "Armut - was ist das?," Discussion Paper Series 112, Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg, Chair of Economic Order and Social Policy.
    5. Anand, Paul & Lea, Stephen, 2011. "The psychology and behavioural economics of poverty," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 284-293, March.
    6. Carlos C. Bautista, 2010. "Subjective poverty thresholds in the Philippines," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 47(1), pages 147-155, June.
    7. Berthold, Norbert & Brunner, Alexander, 2007. "Gibt es ein europäisches Sozialmodell?," Discussion Paper Series 100, Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg, Chair of Economic Order and Social Policy.
    8. Teguh Dartanto, 2011. "A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation of the Application of an Endogenous Poverty Line and Its Relationship with the Poverty Impact of Policy Reforms," Working Papers in Economics and Business 201101, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Indonesia, revised Nov 2011.
    9. Andres Mauricio Gomez Sanchez & Claudia Liceth Fajardo Hoyos & Juliana Isabel Sarmiento Castillo, 2016. "Líneas de Pobreza en el Cauca: Una medición subvalorada," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL CARIBE 014792, UNIVERSIDAD DEL NORTE.
    10. Nicaise MISANGUMUKINI, 2016. "Les Déterminants De La Perception Subjective De La Pauvreté Parmi Les Chefs De Ménage Objectivement Non-Pauvres Au Mali," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 44, pages 103-120.
    11. Shapiro, David & Oleko Tambashe, B., 2001. "Gender, poverty, family structure, and investments in children's education in Kinshasa, Congo," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 359-375, August.
    12. Arturo Martinez & Francisco Perales, 2017. "The Dynamics of Multidimensional Poverty in Contemporary Australia," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 130(2), pages 479-496, January.
    13. Franz F. Eiffe & Karin Heitzmann, 2006. "Armut im Kontext reicher Staaten: zur wissenschaftlichen Operationalisierung eines normativen Begriffs," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 75(1), pages 43-57.
    14. Fotis Papadopoulos & Panos Tsakloglou, 2015. "Chronic material deprivation and long-term poverty in Europe in the pre-crisis period," ImPRovE Working Papers 15/16, Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy, University of Antwerp.
    15. Tomáš Želinský, 2010. "Analýza chudoby na Slovensku založená na koncepte relatívnej deprivácie
      [Analysis of Poverty in Slovakia Based on the Concept of Relative Deprivation]
      ," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2010(4), pages 542-565.
    16. Christina Behrendt, 2000. "Is There Income Poverty in Western Europe? Methodological Pitfalls in the Measurement of Poverty in a Comparative Perspective," LIS Working papers 258, LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg.
    17. Dartanto, Teguh & Otsubo, Shigeru, 2013. "Measurements and Determinants of Multifaceted Poverty:Absolute, Relative, and Subjective Poverty in Indonesia," Working Papers 54, JICA Research Institute.
    18. Alexander Brunner & Norbert Berthold, 2008. "The Struggle Between Equity and Efficiency: Do Nordic Countries Have a Free Lunch?," LIS Working papers 498, LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg.
    19. Sarfraz K. Qureshi & G. M. Arif, 2001. "Profile of Poverty in Pakistan, 1998-99," MIMAP Technical Paper Series 2001:05, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    20. Sheldon Danziger & Markus Jäntti, 1999. "Income Poverty in Advanced Countries," LIS Working papers 193, LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg.
    21. Espinoza-Delgado, José & López-Laborda, Julio, 2016. "Las tres Is de la pobreza multidimensional en Nicaragua y el diferencial de género en los primeros quince años del siglo XXI, a partir de un enfoque centrado en la persona
      [The three I’s of multidi
      ," MPRA Paper 74997, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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