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A Primer on the 35-Hour in France, 1997–2007


  • Askenazy, Philippe

    () (CNRS)


France has experienced massive changes in its regulation of working time during the last decade. These changes generate natural experiments that may help to study a variety of issues in labor economics, including work sharing effect on job creation or productivity, labor relations or adaptation of firms to regulation. This paper provides a primer for researchers interested by working on these issues. It includes detailed information about the 35-hour laws and their progressive removal, and discusses the first wave of research evaluating these policies, that draws a contrasted picture. It also highlights some unexplored lines of research.

Suggested Citation

  • Askenazy, Philippe, 2008. "A Primer on the 35-Hour in France, 1997–2007," IZA Discussion Papers 3402, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3402

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bruno Crépon & Marie Leclair & Sébastien Roux, 2004. "RTT, productivité et emploi : nouvelles estimations sur données d'entreprises," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 376(1), pages 55-89.
    2. Pierre Cahuc, 2001. "L'expérience française de réduction du temps de travail : moins d'emplois et plus d'inégalités," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 15(3), pages 141-166.
    3. Matthieu Bunel, 2004. "Aides incitatives et déterminants des embauches des établissements passés aux 35 heures," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 376(1), pages 91-115.
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    Cited by:

    1. Oana Calavrezo & Richard Duhautois & Emmanuelle Walkowiak, 2007. "The Short-Time Compensation Program in France: an Efficient Measure Against Redundancies?," Post-Print halshs-00273367, HAL.
    2. Richard Duhautois & Emmanuelle Walkowiak & Oana Calavrezo, 2009. "The Substitution of Worksharing and Short-Time Compensation in France: A Difference-in-differences Approach," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 29(2), pages 820-833.
    3. Rafael Sánchez, 2017. "Does a Mandatory Reduction of Standard Working Hours Improve Employees' Health Status?," Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 56(1), pages 3-39, January.
    4. Alexander Herzog-Stein & Fabian Lindner & Simon Sturn & Till van Treeck, 2010. "Vom Krisenherd zum Wunderwerk?," IMK Report 56-2010, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    5. Dominique Goux & Eric Maurin & Barbara Petrongolo, 2014. "Worktime Regulations and Spousal Labor Supply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(1), pages 252-276, January.
    6. Fabrice Gilles, 2014. "Evaluating the impact of a working time regulation on capital operating time. The French 35-hour work week experience," Working Papers hal-01006765, HAL.
    7. Sánchez, Rafael, 2013. "Do reductions of standard hours affect employment transitions?: Evidence from Chile," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 24-37.
    8. Fabrice Gilles, 2015. "Evaluating the Impact of a Working Time Regulation on Capital Operating Time: The French 35-hour Work Week Experience," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 62(2), pages 117-148, May.

    More about this item


    35-hour week; working time; bargaining; France;

    JEL classification:

    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production

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