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Vom Krisenherd zum Wunderwerk?

Author

Listed:
  • Alexander Herzog-Stein
  • Fabian Lindner
  • Simon Sturn
  • Till van Treeck

Abstract

Trotz der größten Wirtschaftskrise nach dem 2. Weltkrieg ist die Beschäftigung in Deutschland nicht gefallen. In anderen europäischen Ländern, die sogar weniger von der Wirtschaftskrise betroffen waren, ist die Beschäftigung stark gesunken. Dieses "Arbeitsmarktwunder" erklärt sich durch die schnelle Reduzierung der Arbeitszeit ("interne Flexibilität") und das Horten von Arbeitskräften durch die Hinnahme einer geringeren Produktivität. Die Reduzierung der Arbeitszeit hat etwa 1,1 Millionen Arbeitsplätze gerettet, das Arbeitskräftehorten an die 2 Millionen. Die Arbeitszeit wurde vor allem mit den Instrumenten Kurzarbeit, Arbeitszeitkonten und der Veränderung der betrieblichen Regelarbeitszeit erreicht. All diese Instrumente waren aber nicht Teil der Arbeitsmarktreformen Hartz I-IV. Somit können die Reformen den Arbeitsmarkterfolg in der Großen Rezession nicht erklären. Auch die Lohnmoderation der letzten Jahre, die durch die Reformen verstärkt wurde, hat kaum geholfen. Sie hat im Konjunkturzyklus vor der Krise die Beschäftigungsentwicklung sogar belastet.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexander Herzog-Stein & Fabian Lindner & Simon Sturn & Till van Treeck, 2010. "Vom Krisenherd zum Wunderwerk?," IMK Report 56-2010, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:imk:report:56-2010
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    Cited by:

    1. Gustav A. Horn & Peter Hohlfeld & Fabian Lindner & Katja Rietzler & Sabine Stephan & Silke Tober & Andrew Watt, 2012. "Im Sog der Krise," IMK Report 74-2012, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    2. Michael C. Burda & Jennifer Hunt, 2011. "What Explains the German Labor Market Miracle in the Great Recession," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 42(1 (Spring), pages 273-335.
    3. IMK Düsseldorf & OFCE Paris & WIFO Wien, 2012. "Fiskalpakt belastet Euroraum," IMK Report 71-2012, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    4. Ulrike Stein & Sabine Stephan & Rudolf Zwiener, 2012. "Zu schwache deutsche Arbeitskostenentwicklung belastet Europäische Währungsunion und soziale Sicherung," IMK Report 77-2012, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    5. IMK Düsseldorf & OFCE Paris & WIFO Wien, 2012. "Fiscal Pact Deepens Euro Area Crisis," IMK Report 71e-2012, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    6. Gustav A. Horn & Sebastian Gechert & Alexander Herzog-Stein & Katja Rietzler & Silke Tober & Sabine Stephan & Andrew Watt, 2013. "Inmitten der Krise des Euroraums - Herausforderungen für die Wirtschaftspolitik 2013," IMK Report 79-2013, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.

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