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The Labour Market Position of Turkish Immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands: Reason for Migration, Naturalisation and Language Proficiency

  • Euwals, Rob

    ()

    (CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis)

  • Dagevos, Jaco

    ()

    (Netherlands Institute for Social Research - SCP)

  • Gijsberts, Mérove

    ()

    (Netherlands Institute for Social Research - SCP)

  • Roodenburg, Hans

    ()

    (CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis)

Registered author(s):

    On the basis of the German Socio-Economic Panel 2002 and the Dutch Social Position and Use of Provision Survey 2002, we investigate the importance of characteristics related to immigration for the labour market position of Turkish immigrants. We use regression techniques to correct for composition effects in employment rates, tenured job rates and job prestige scores (ISEI). First, we find that educational attainment and language proficiency have a higher return in the Netherlands than in Germany. Second, we find that second generation immigrants have improved their labour market position relative to the first generation of labour migrants and their partners. The improvement is largely due to an improvement in educational attainment and language proficiency. Third, for the Netherlands we find a positive relation between naturalisation and labour market position, while for Germany we find a negative relation with tenured employment. The contrasting results on tenured employment may be explained partly by differences in immigration rules. In Germany economic self-reliance is more important than in the Netherlands, and this may lead to a stronger incentive to naturalise for workers with a temporary contract.

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    Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2683.

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    Length: 33 pages
    Date of creation: Mar 2007
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: published in: International Migration Review, 2010, 44 (3), 513-538
    Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2683
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    16. Bernt Bratsberg & James F. Ragan & Zafar M. Nasir, 2002. "The Effect of Naturalization on Wage Growth: A Panel Study of Young Male Immigrants," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 20(3), pages 568-597, July.
    17. Carliner, Geoffrey, 1980. "Wages, Earnings and Hours of First, Second, and Third Generation American Males," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 18(1), pages 87-102, January.
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    19. DeVoretz, Don J. & Hinte, Holger & Werner, Christiane, 2002. "How Much Language is Enough? Some Immigrant Language Lessons from Canada and Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 555, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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