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The Labour Market Position of Turkish Immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands: Reason for Migration, Naturalisation and Language Proficiency

Author

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  • Euwals, Rob

    (CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis)

  • Dagevos, Jaco

    (Netherlands Institute for Social Research - SCP)

  • Gijsberts, Mérove

    (Netherlands Institute for Social Research - SCP)

  • Roodenburg, Hans

    (CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis)

Abstract

On the basis of the German Socio-Economic Panel 2002 and the Dutch Social Position and Use of Provision Survey 2002, we investigate the importance of characteristics related to immigration for the labour market position of Turkish immigrants. We use regression techniques to correct for composition effects in employment rates, tenured job rates and job prestige scores (ISEI). First, we find that educational attainment and language proficiency have a higher return in the Netherlands than in Germany. Second, we find that second generation immigrants have improved their labour market position relative to the first generation of labour migrants and their partners. The improvement is largely due to an improvement in educational attainment and language proficiency. Third, for the Netherlands we find a positive relation between naturalisation and labour market position, while for Germany we find a negative relation with tenured employment. The contrasting results on tenured employment may be explained partly by differences in immigration rules. In Germany economic self-reliance is more important than in the Netherlands, and this may lead to a stronger incentive to naturalise for workers with a temporary contract.

Suggested Citation

  • Euwals, Rob & Dagevos, Jaco & Gijsberts, Mérove & Roodenburg, Hans, 2007. "The Labour Market Position of Turkish Immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands: Reason for Migration, Naturalisation and Language Proficiency," IZA Discussion Papers 2683, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2683
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Schmähl, Winfried, 2008. "Immigration from outside Europe: chance or challenge for social security? Dimensions of a complex topic," Working papers of the ZeS 05/2008, University of Bremen, Centre for Social Policy Research (ZeS).
    2. Euwals, Rob & Dagevos, Jaco & Gijsberts, Mérove & Roodenburg, Hans, 2007. "Immigration, Integration and the Labour Market: Turkish Immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands," IZA Discussion Papers 2677, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Rob Euwals & Hans Roodenburg & J. Dagevos & M. Gijsberts, 2006. "Immigration, integration and the labour market; Turkish immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands," CPB Discussion Paper 75, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    4. Rui Dang, 2016. "A Decomposition Analysis of Cigarette Consumption Differences between Male Turkish Immigrants and Germans in West Germany 2002-2012," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 819, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    5. Joana Vassilopoulou & Mustafa Ozbilgin & Dimitria Groutsis & Janroj Keles, 2022. "Populism as New Wine in Old Bottles in the Context of Germany: ‘Symbolic Violence’ as Collective Habitus That Devalues the Human Capital of Turks," Societies, MDPI, vol. 12(2), pages 1-16, March.
    6. Mari Kangasniemi & Merja Kauhanen, 2013. "Characteristics and labour market performance of the new member state (NMS12) immigrants in Finland, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom," Norface Discussion Paper Series 2013002, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.
    7. Ersanilli, Evelyn & Koopmans, Ruud, 2009. "Ethnic retention and host culture adoption among Turkish immigrants in Germany, France and the Netherlands: A controlled comparison," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Migration, Integration, Transnationalization SP IV 2009-701, WZB Berlin Social Science Center.
    8. Dang, Rui, 2015. "Explaining the body mass index gaps between Turkish immigrants and Germans in West Germany 2002-2012: A decomposition analysis of socio-economic causes," Ruhr Economic Papers 580, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
    9. Lancee, Bram, 2012. "Immigrant Performance in the Labour Market: Bonding and Bridging Social Capital," EconStor Books, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, number 251575, November.
    10. Rob Euwals & Hans Roodenburg & J. Dagevos & M. Gijsberts, 2006. "Immigration, integration and the labour market; Turkish immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands," CPB Discussion Paper 75.rdf, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    11. Vincent Corluy & Gerlinde Verbist, 2014. "Can education bridge the gap? Education and the employment position of immigrants in Belgium," ImPRovE Working Papers 14/02, Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy, University of Antwerp.
    12. Merja Kauhanen & Mari Kangasniemi, 2012. "Characteristics and labour market performance of the new member state immigrants in Finland, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom after the enlargement of 2004," Working Papers 283, Työn ja talouden tutkimus LABORE, The Labour Institute for Economic Research LABORE.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    labour market; language proficiency; naturalisation; immigration;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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