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Frictional and Non Frictional Unemployment in Models with Matching Frictions

Author

Listed:
  • José Ramón García Martínez

    () (Dpto. Análisis Económico)

  • Valeri Sorolla

    () (Dpt. Economia i d'Història Econòmica)

Abstract

This paper uses a model with a matching function in the labor market, where matches last for one period, to obtain the amount of frictional and non frictional (rationed/disequilibrium) unemployment for different standard wage-setting rules when there are matching frictions. We also compute the frictional and non frictional unemployment rate for two economies characterized by different labor market institutions, namely the Spanish and US economies. The empirical analysis takes into account two types of micro-foundations of the matching function: coordination failure and mismatch due to heterogeneity in the labor market. The empirical findings for Spain suggest that approximately half of all unemployment is due to job rationing and the other half to frictional and mismatch problems. However, the rationing unemployment rate for the US economy represents, two thirds of all unemployment on average, while frictional and mismatch problems account for only a third.

Suggested Citation

  • José Ramón García Martínez & Valeri Sorolla, 2013. "Frictional and Non Frictional Unemployment in Models with Matching Frictions," Working Papers. Serie AD 2013-02, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  • Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasad:2013-02
    as

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    File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasad/wpasad-2013-02.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Valeri Sorolla & José Ramón García, 2015. "When is there more employment, with individual or collective wage setting?," Working Papers 853, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    2. Valeri Sorolla, 2014. "The Long Run Effect of Growth on Employment in a Labor Market with Matching Frictions: The Role of Labor Market Institutions," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 949.14, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC), revised 02 Feb 2015.
    3. García Martínez, José Ramón & Sorolla i Amat, Valeri, 2017. "When is there more employment, with individual or collective wage bargaining?," Economics Discussion Papers 2017-87, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    matching frictions; frictional unemployment; disequilibrium unemployment.;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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