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Differentiated social interactions in the US schooling race gap

Author

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  • Luis J. Hall

    () (Universidad de Costa Rica)

Abstract

I show how differences in the schooling achievement of white and nonwhite teenagers across US cities can be explained in a context where teenagers have different values of their interactions with individuals belonging to their same racial group versus individuals belonging to other racial groups. Following an approach of differences in conditional variances, I establish the conditions for the identification of the coefficient of differences in social interactions. Using the US census data, I find that teenagers within a city place more value on the decisions of teenagers in their same racial group than to teenagers in different racial groups.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis J. Hall, 2010. "Differentiated social interactions in the US schooling race gap," Working Papers. Serie AD 2010-17, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  • Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasad:2010-17
    as

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    File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasad/wpasad-2010-17.pdf
    File Function: Fisrt version / Primera version, 2010
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bryan S. Graham, 2008. "Identifying Social Interactions Through Conditional Variance Restrictions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 76(3), pages 643-660, May.
    2. George A. Akerlof, 1997. "Social Distance and Social Decisions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(5), pages 1005-1028, September.
    3. Case, A.C. & Katz, L.F., 1991. "The Company You Keep: The Effects Of Family And Neighborhood On Disadvantaged Younths," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1555, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
    4. Charles F. Manski, 1993. "Identification of Endogenous Social Effects: The Reflection Problem," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 60(3), pages 531-542.
    5. David M. Cutler & Edward L. Glaeser, 1997. "Are Ghettos Good or Bad?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 112(3), pages 827-872.
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    2. Jorge González-Chapela, 2010. "Things that make us different: analysis of variance in the use of time," Working Papers. Serie AD 2010-18, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    3. Amedeo Piolatto, 2015. "Itemised Deductions: A Device to Reduce Tax Evasion," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 16(4), pages 422-438, November.
    4. Mariano Bosch & M. Carnero & Lídia Farré, 2015. "Rental housing discrimination and the persistence of ethnic enclaves," SERIEs: Journal of the Spanish Economic Association, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 6(2), pages 129-152, June.
    5. Francisco Martínez-Sánchez & Miguel González-Maestre, 2010. "The role of program quality and publicly-owned platforms in the free to air broadcasting industry," Working Papers. Serie AD 2010-19, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    6. Jorge Gonzalez Chapela, 2011. "Recreation, home production, and intertemporal substitution of female labor supply: evidence on the intensive margin," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 14(3), pages 532-548, July.
    7. Sonia Oreffice & Climent Quintana, 2009. "Anthropometry and Socioeconomics in the Couple: Evidence from the PSID," Working Papers 2009-22, FEDEA.
    8. Amedeo Piolatto & Florian Schuett, 2011. "A model of music piracy with popularity-dependent copying costs," Working Papers 2011/5, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
    9. Carolina Silva Cassorla, 2010. "The interaction of minimum wage and severance payments in a frictional labor market: theory and estimation," Working Papers. Serie AD 2010-22, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    10. María Dolores Guilló Fuentes & Alfonsa Denia Cuesta, 2011. "Labour status and involuntary employment: family ties and part-time work in Spain," Working Papers. Serie AD 2011-11, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    11. Elena Márquez & Belén Nieto Doménech & Gonzalo Rubio Irigoyen, 2010. "Consumption, liquidity and the cross-sectional variation of expected returns," Working Papers. Serie AD 2010-24, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    12. Dolores Guilló, María & Papageorgiou, Chris & Perez-Sebastian, Fidel, 2011. "A unified theory of structural change," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 1393-1404, September.
    13. Javier López-Cuñat & Francisco Martínez-Sánchez, 2015. "Anti-piracy policy and quality differential in markets for information goods," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 39(2), pages 375-401, April.
    14. M. Belén Cobacho & Mariano Bosch, 2011. "Discrimination in second hand consumer markets: evidence from a field experiment," Working Papers. Serie AD 2011-09, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    15. Roger Madrigal & Juan Robalino & Luis J. Hall, 2008. "Quality of Life in Urban Neighborhoods in Costa Rica," Research Department Publications 3263, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    16. Simone Alfarano & Andrea Morone & Eva Camacho, 2011. "The role of public and private information in a laboratory financial market," Working Papers. Serie AD 2011-06, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    17. Carlos D. Santos, 2010. "Competition, product and process innovation: an empirical analysis," Working Papers. Serie AD 2010-26, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    18. José Alcalde Pérez & José Angel Silva Reus & María del Carmen Marco Gil, 2010. "A new prospect of additivity in bankruptcy problems," Working Papers. Serie AD 2010-27, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    19. Borja Mesa Sánchez, 2010. "Downstream mergers in a vertically differentiated unionized oligopoly," Working Papers. Serie AD 2010-31, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    20. M. Angeles Carnero Fernández & Blanca Martínez & Rocío Sánchez Mangas, 2010. "Mobbing and workers' health: an empirical analysis for Spain," Working Papers. Serie AD 2010-30, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    race; social interaction; schooling.;

    JEL classification:

    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General

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