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Une évaluation du rôle des déterminants du partage de la valeur ajoutée

  • Mussard, Stéphane

    (CEPS/INSTEAD, GREDI, GEREM)

  • Philippe, Bernard

    (GEREM, Université de Perpignan)

Au cours de la période 1961/2000, pourquoi la tendance à la hausse des taux de chômage s’est-elle inversée dans des économies « anglo-saxonnes » comme les États-Unis et le Royaume-Uni et pas dans des économies « continentales » telles que l’Allemagne, la France et l’Italie ? Nous soutenons que cette inversion ne peut pas être imputée au fait que ces dernières auraient maîtrisé leurs coûts salariaux unitaires moins bien que les premières. Pour défendre ce point de vue, nous commençons par expliquer comment et pourquoi nous sommes incités à nous intéresser aux déterminants d’un indicateur statistique : le taux de croissance du taux de marge. Afin d’évaluer l’influence exercée sur ce taux par chacun de ses déterminants au cours de la période 1961-2000, nous utilisons la fonction valeur de Shapley de manière particulière : en tant qu’outil permettant de décomposer un indicateur diachronique déterminé par une structure multiplicative.

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Paper provided by IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD in its series IRISS Working Paper Series with number 2007-08.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:irs:iriswp:2007-08
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  1. Blanchard, Olivier, 1998. "Revisiting European Unemployment : Unemployment, Capital Accumulation and Factor Prices," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number GL28.
  2. Stéphane Mussard & Bernard Philippe, 2007. "Une évaluation du rôle des déterminants du partage de la valeur ajoutée," Working Papers 08-18, LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier, revised Nov 2008.
  3. Daron Acemoglu, 2003. "Labor- And Capital-Augmenting Technical Change," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 1(1), pages 1-37, 03.
  4. Mercedes Sastre & Alain Trannoy, 2002. "Shapley inequality decomposition by factor components: Some methodological issues," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 51-89, December.
  5. Mussard, Stephane & Peypoch, Nicolas, 2006. "On multi-decomposition of the aggregate Malmquist productivity index," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 91(3), pages 436-443, June.
  6. W. Briec, 1997. "A Graph-Type Extension of Farrell Technical Efficiency Measure," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 95-110, March.
  7. Chantreuil, F. & Trannoy, A., 1999. "Inequality Decomposition Values: the Trade-Off Between Marginality and Consistency," Papers 99-24, Paris X - Nanterre, U.F.R. de Sc. Ec. Gest. Maths Infor..
  8. Olivier Blanchard, 2004. "Peut-on éliminer le chômage en Europe ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 18(4), pages 3-31.
  9. Greenwald, Bruce C & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1986. "Externalities in Economies with Imperfect Information and Incomplete Markets," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 101(2), pages 229-64, May.
  10. Silber, Jacques, 2004. "Inequalities: theory, experiments and applications," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 813-821, September.
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