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Une évaluation du rôle des déterminants du partage de la valeur ajoutée

  • Stéphane Mussard
  • Bernard Philippe

En tendance, durant la seconde partie de la période 1961/2000, le taux de chômage reflue aux Etats-Unis et au Royaume uni, il continue à croître en Allemagne, en France et en Italie. Est-il possible d’expliquer cette divergence d’évolution en supposant que les effets de la revendication salariale sur le partage de la valeur ajoutée ont été mieux maîtrisés dans les deux économies anglo-saxonnes que dans les trois économies continentales ? Pour répondre à cette question nous utilisons la fonction valeur de Shapley. Grâce à elle nous parvenons à évaluer, pour chacune des cinq économies, la contribution des valeurs qui ont été prises, au cours de la période 1981/2000, par les taux de croissance des salaires réels et les coûts salariaux unitaires à la formation des taux de croissance des taux de marge, à celle des variations des taux de marge et à celle des excédents bruts d’exploitation. Or, les valeurs de ces contributions, qui sont évidemment négatives, sont, sauf dans un cas, plus faibles dans les économies anglo-saxonnes que dans les économies continentales.

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File URL: http://www.lameta.univ-montp1.fr/Documents/DR2008-18.pdf
File Function: First version, 2008
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Paper provided by LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier in its series Working Papers with number 08-18.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2007
Date of revision: Nov 2008
Handle: RePEc:lam:wpaper:08-18
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  1. Mercedes Sastre & Alain Trannoy, 2002. "Shapley inequality decomposition by factor components: Some methodological issues," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 77(1), pages 51-89, December.
  2. Silber, Jacques, 2004. "Inequalities: theory, experiments and applications," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 813-821, September.
  3. Olivier Blanchard, 2004. "Peut-on éliminer le chômage en Europe ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 18(4), pages 3-31.
  4. Mussard, Stephane & Peypoch, Nicolas, 2006. "On multi-decomposition of the aggregate Malmquist productivity index," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 91(3), pages 436-443, June.
  5. Olivier Blanchard, 1998. "Revisiting European Unemployment: Unemployment, Capital Accumulation, and Factor Prices," NBER Working Papers 6566, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Stéphane Mussard & Bernard Philippe, 2007. "Une évaluation du rôle des déterminants du partage de la valeur ajoutée," Cahiers de recherche 07-14, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
  7. F. Chantreuil & A. Trannoy, 1999. "Inequality decomposition values : the trade-off between marginality and consistency," THEMA Working Papers 99-24, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  8. W. Briec, 1997. "A Graph-Type Extension of Farrell Technical Efficiency Measure," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 95-110, March.
  9. Daron Acemoglu, 2000. "Labor- and Capital- Augmenting Technical Change," NBER Working Papers 7544, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Greenwald, Bruce C & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1986. "Externalities in Economies with Imperfect Information and Incomplete Markets," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 101(2), pages 229-64, May.
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