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Quelles sont les motivations des départs à la retraite en Europe : situation personnelle, familiale, professionnelle, ou rôle de la protection sociale ?

Author

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  • Thierry Debrand

    () (IRDES institut for research and information in health economics)

  • Nicolas Sirven

    () (IRDES institut for research and information in health economics)

Abstract

L'objectif de cette recherche consiste à appréhender le processus de départ à la retraite des seniors et de mieux comprendre les différences entre les pays européens, au regard des différentes dimensions - individuelle, familiale, professionnelle, et institutionnelle - qui sont susceptibles d'influencer l'offre de travail. Pour cela, nous utilisons les données longitudinales de l'enquête SHARE (2004-2006) complétées par des séries macroéconomiques provenant de l'OCDE et décrivant trois systèmes de protection sociale (emploi, retraite et santé). L'identification des déterminants de l'emploi a été menée simultanément en termes de " stock " (la participation à l'emploi des seniors en 2004) et de " flux " (transition emploi-retraite entre 2004-2006). Des indices permettant de mesurer le rôle des différentes dimensions dans l'explication des différences entre les pays ont ensuite été développés. Les résultats sont de trois ordres : (1) les déterminants de la participation à l'emploi et du passage à la retraite sont nombreux et multi-dimensionnels. (2) Chaque élément de la protection sociale (Emploi Retraite et Santé) influe sur l'emploi des seniors. Il semble exister une complémentarité entre ces différents systèmes. (3) L'explication des différences entre les pays en ce qui concerne la participation à l'emploi et au passage à la retraite trouve son origine principalement dans les déterminants institutionnels. Dès lors, toute politique publique qui aurait pour but une augmentation de taux d'emploi des seniors devrait reposer ces deux postulats : premièrement, elles doivent tenir compte de la complexité des déterminants de la décision des individus et de leurs interactions ; deuxièmement, les principaux facteurs de convergence au sein de l'Europe sont à rechercher dans les différences systémiques.

Suggested Citation

  • Thierry Debrand & Nicolas Sirven, 2009. "Quelles sont les motivations des départs à la retraite en Europe : situation personnelle, familiale, professionnelle, ou rôle de la protection sociale ?," Working Papers DT26, IRDES institut for research and information in health economics, revised Jun 2009.
  • Handle: RePEc:irh:wpaper:dt26
    as

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    File URL: http://www.irdes.fr/EspaceRecherche/DocumentsDeTravail/DT26MotivationDepartRetraiteEurope.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2009
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Thierry Debrand & Christine Sorasith, 2010. "Bouclier sanitaire : choisir entre égalité et équité ? Une analyse à partir du modèle ARAMMIS," Working Papers DT32, IRDES institut for research and information in health economics, revised Jun 2010.
    2. Catherine Pollak, 2012. "Employed and Happy despite Weak Health? Labour Market Participation and Job Quality of Older Workers with Disabilities," Working Papers DT45, IRDES institut for research and information in health economics, revised Mar 2012.
    3. Marcella Corsi & Manuela Samek Lodovici, 2013. "Active Ageing and Gender Equality," Working Papers CEB 13-004, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Protection sociale; Retraite; Vieillissement; Santé; Europe.;

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy

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