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Currency Wars, Coordination, and Capital Controls

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  • Olivier Blanchard

    () (Peterson Institute for International Economics)

Abstract

The strong monetary policy actions undertaken by advanced economies' central banks have led to complaints of "currency wars" by some emerging-market economies and to widespread demands for more macroeconomic policy coordination. This paper reviews cross-border effects of advanced economies' monetary policies on emerging economies, through goods markets, foreign exchange markets, and financial markets, and examines the scope for coordination. Blanchard concludes that, while advanced economies' monetary policies indeed have had substantial spillover effects on emerging-market economies, there was and still is little room for coordination. He argues that, given the limits on fiscal policy, restrictions on capital flows (i.e., capital controls) were and still are the appropriate macroeconomic instrument to advance the objectives of both macro and financial stability.

Suggested Citation

  • Olivier Blanchard, 2016. "Currency Wars, Coordination, and Capital Controls," Working Paper Series WP16-9, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:iie:wpaper:wp16-9
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Cerutti, Eugenio & Claessens, Stijn & Puy, Damien, 2019. "Push factors and capital flows to emerging markets: why knowing your lender matters more than fundamentals," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 133-149.
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    3. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 2002. "Global Implications of Self-Oriented National Monetary Rules," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(2), pages 503-535.
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    5. Marcel Fratzscher & Marco Lo Duca & Roland Straub, 2018. "On the International Spillovers of US Quantitative Easing," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 128(608), pages 330-377, February.
    6. Silvia Miranda-Agrippino & Hélène Rey, 2015. "US Monetary Policy and the Global Financial Cycle," NBER Working Papers 21722, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Gilles Oudiz & Jeffrey Sachs, 1984. "Macroeconomic Policy Coordination among the Industrial Economies," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 15(1), pages 1-76.
    8. Miranda-Agrippino, Silvia & Rey, Hélène, 2015. "World Asset Markets and the Global Financial Cycle," CEPR Discussion Papers 10936, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Emiliano Brancaccio & Francesco Saraceno, 2017. "Evolutions and Contradictions in Mainstream Macroeconomics: The Case of Olivier Blanchard," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(3), pages 345-359, July.
    2. Beatrice D. Scheubel & Livio Stracca & Tille Cedric, 2019. "The Global Financial Cycle and Capital Flow Episodes: A Wobbly Link?," CESifo Working Paper Series 7967, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Barbone Gonzalez, Rodrigo & Khametshin, Dmitry & Peydró, José Luis & Polo, Andrea, 2018. "Hedger of Last Resort: Evidence from Brazilian FX Interventions, Local Credit and Global Financial Cycles," CEPR Discussion Papers 12817, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Stephanie Guichard, 2017. "10 Years after the Global Financial Crisis: What Have We Learnt About International Capital Flows?," Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy (JICEP), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 8(03), pages 1-30, October.
    5. Agnès Bénassy-Quéré & Matthieu Bussière & Pauline Wibaux, 2018. "Trade and currency weapons," Working Papers 2018-08, CEPII research center.
    6. Gustavo Adler & Carolina Osorio Buitron, 2017. "Tipping the Scale? The Workings of Monetary Policy through Trade," IMF Working Papers 17/142, International Monetary Fund.
    7. Anton Korinek, 2016. "Currency Wars or Efficient Spillovers? A General Theory of International Policy Cooperation," NBER Working Papers 23004, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Anton Korinek, 2017. "Currency wars or efficient spillovers?," BIS Working Papers 615, Bank for International Settlements.
    9. Maurice Obstfeld & Alan M. Taylor, 2017. "International Monetary Relations: Taking Finance Seriously," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 31(3), pages 3-28, Summer.
    10. Sara Eugeni, 2019. "Exchange rate volatility and cooperation in an incomplete markets' economy," Working Papers 2019_02, Durham University Business School.
    11. Pierre-Richard Agénor & Luiz Awazu Pereira da Silva, 2018. "Financial spillovers, spillbacks, and the scope for international macroprudential policy coordination," BIS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 97, 01-2020.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exchange Rates; Capital Controls; Capital Flows; Monetary Policy; Macroeconomic Policy Coordination;

    JEL classification:

    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission

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