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Discount Rate Heterogeneity Among Older Households: A Puzzle?

Author

Listed:
  • Antoine Bozio

    (Institute for Fiscal Studies and Institut des Politiques Publiques, Paris School of Economics)

  • Guy Laroque

    (Institute for Fiscal Studies)

  • Cormac O'Dea

    (Institute for Fiscal Studies)

Abstract

We put forward a method for estimating individual discount rates using field data on wealth and income. We build consumption from these data using the budget constraint. At each date, consumption transitions yield discount rates by groups of households. We apply this technique to a representative sample of older English households. We show, unsurprisingly, that there is substantial heterogeneity in discounting in that population. We fi nd a distribution of discount rates similar in shape to those previously estimated using field data, though with much lower mean values than the ones found using experimental data. But surprisingly we find that, among this older population, patience is positively correlated with education and numerical ability. This is puzzling as it goes against the negative correlation found in experiments and some fi eld investigations of time preference for younger populations. We discuss potential explanations for this result.

Suggested Citation

  • Antoine Bozio & Guy Laroque & Cormac O'Dea, 2013. "Discount Rate Heterogeneity Among Older Households: A Puzzle?," IFS Working Papers W13/02, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:ifs:ifsewp:13/02
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    Cited by:

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    2. Jean-Pierre Drugeon & Bertrand Wigniolle, 0. "On Markovian collective choice with heterogeneous quasi-hyperbolic discounting," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 0, pages 1-40.
    3. Freudenberg, Christoph & Laub, Natalie & Sutor, Tim, 2018. "Pension decrement rates across Europe – Are they too low?," The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, Elsevier, vol. 12(C), pages 35-45.
    4. Orlando Gomes, 2021. "Hand-to-mouth consumers, rule-of-thumb savers, and optimal control," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 16(2), pages 229-263, April.
    5. Jenny Robinson & David A. Comerford, 2020. "The Effect on Annuities Preference of Prompts to Consider Life Expectancy: Evidence from a UK Quota Sample," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 87(347), pages 747-762, July.
    6. Orlando Gomes, 0. "Hand-to-mouth consumers, rule-of-thumb savers, and optimal control," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 0, pages 1-35.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Time preference; Discount rate; Heterogeneity; Consumption;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth

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