Children’s School Achievement and Parental Work: an analysis for Sweden
In this paper, data from Statistics Sweden about students entering upper secondary school (10th grade) in 1994 and graduating in 1996 or 1997, along with socioeconomic characteristics from the 1990 census, are used to explore the relationship between the market work by mothers and fathers in Sweden and their children’s educational achievement, measured as Grade Point Average. The results show, in line with previous research, that there is a positive relationship between parental income and child GPA. When it comes to the number of hours of work that the parents perform in the labour market, the results differ between mothers and fathers. If the mother works less then full time, preferably even less then halftime, it has positive effects on the child’s grades. There are no significant effects of the father’s hours of work, as long as he works a positive amount of time. The lack of effects from the father’s hours of work may, however, be due to lack of variation in data.
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