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Intra-household interaction in a nuclear family: A utility-maximizing approach

  • Kato, Hironori
  • Matsumoto, Manabu
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    This paper investigates the joint resource allocation of households using a utility-maximizing model. The joint time allocation model is formulated, from which a nonlinear Tobit model is derived. The model parameters are estimated using empirical data collected through household time allocation surveys held in 2003 in Tokyo and Toyama, Japan. Four models - a weekday model and a weekend day model for Tokyo and Toyama each - are estimated. The empirical analysis reveals the common characteristics between the two cities - with respect to the child's gender; the husband's weekly non-working days, allowance, and job; and the wife's age and job - that significantly influence the household's welfare. The empirical analysis also reveals different characteristics between the two cities. First, the greater the number of children in a household, the higher is the significance of the husband and wife's joint out-of-home leisure activity on a weekday for household welfare in Tokyo, and the lower is the same in Toyama. Second, the greater the non-working days of the husbands, the lower is the significance of their individual out-of-home leisure activities on a weekday for household welfare in Tokyo and the higher is the same in Toyama. These characteristics may reflect the local's attitudes in intra-household interaction.

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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transportation Research Part B: Methodological.

    Volume (Year): 43 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 2 (February)
    Pages: 191-203

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:transb:v:43:y:2009:i:2:p:191-203
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