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Promarket Reforms and Allocation of Capital in India

Author

Listed:
  • Desai, Sameeksha

    () (University of Missouri Kansas City)

  • Eklund, Johan E.

    () (Ratio Institute)

  • Högberg, Andreas

    () (Jönköping International Business School)

Abstract

The government of India initiated pro-market reforms in the 1990s, after almost five decades of socialist planning. These and subsequent policy reforms are credited as the drivers of India’s radical economic transformation. Prior to reforms, private investment was strictly regulated and restricted to certain areas and sectors. There have since been numerous changes in sectors important for investment, which should lead to changes in outcomes of firm-level strategic decision making and investment behavior. By most estimates, India will continue to grow. The purpose of this paper is to investigate changes in investment behavior from the introduction of reforms to current conditions. Reforms changed several institutional frameworks for firm operations, allowing firms to pursue more competitive strategies. Given the importance of ownership in determining firm efficiency and access to capital, we examine the effect of ownership on the performance of Indian firms for the period 1991-2006. We also examine industry differences in capital allocation. We compute a measure of investment efficiency derived from the accelerator principle: Elasticity of capital with respect to output. We examine the effect of various ownership structures on investment behavior and the efficiently of capital allocation across different sectors of the economy. We find that the allocation of capital has been slow to respond to reforms, indicating similar pace of firm responses.

Suggested Citation

  • Desai, Sameeksha & Eklund, Johan E. & Högberg, Andreas, 2009. "Promarket Reforms and Allocation of Capital in India," Ratio Working Papers 146, The Ratio Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:ratioi:0146
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    allocation of capital; India; institutional reforms; ownership;

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • L50 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - General

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