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How does Accessibility to Knowledge Sources Affect the Innovativeness of Corporations? Evidence from Sweden

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  • Andersson, Martin

    () (Jönköping International Business School)

  • Ejermo, Olof

    () (CIRCLE, Lund University)

Abstract

This paper studies the innovative performance of 130 Swedish corporations during 1993-94. The number of patents per corporation is explained as a function of the accessibility to internal and external knowledge sources of each corporation. A coherent way of handling accessibility measures, within and between corporations located across regions, is introduced. We examine the relative importance of intraand interregional knowledge sources from i) the own corporation, ii) other corporations, and iii) universities. The results show that there is a positive relationship between the innovativeness of a corporation and its accessibility to university researchers within regions where own research groups are located. Good accessibility among the corporation’s research units does not have any significant effects on the likelihood of generation of patents. Instead the size of the R&D staff of the corporation seems to be the most important internal factor. There is no indication that intraregional accessibility to other corporations’ research is important for a corporation’s innovativeness. However, there is some indication of reduced likelihood for own corporate patenting when other corporate R&D is located in nearby regions. This may reflect a negative effect from competition for R&D labor.

Suggested Citation

  • Andersson, Martin & Ejermo, Olof, 2005. "How does Accessibility to Knowledge Sources Affect the Innovativeness of Corporations? Evidence from Sweden," Papers in Innovation Studies 2005/4, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:lucirc:2005_004
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Karlsson, Charlie & Johansson, Börje, 2006. "Regional Development and Knowledge," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 76, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    2. Ejermo, Olof & Karlsson, Charlie, 2006. "Interregional inventor networks as studied by patent coinventorships," Research Policy, Elsevier, pages 412-430.
    3. Michael Olsson, 2012. "Free Versus Monitored Job Search," Chapters,in: The Regional Economics of Knowledge and Talent, chapter 7 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Urban Gråsjö & Charlie Karlsson, 2014. "Accessibility: an underused analytical and empirical tool in spatial economics," Chapters,in: Accessibility and Spatial Interaction, chapter 11, pages 211-236 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Borje Johansson & Hans Loof, 2008. "Innovation Activities Explained By Firm Attributes And Location," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(6), pages 533-552.
    6. repec:eee:pubeco:v:156:y:2017:i:c:p:73-80 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Tavassoli, Sam & Carbonara, Nunzia, 2013. "The Role of Knowledge Variety and Intensity for Regional Innovative Capability," Working Papers 2013/01, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Industrial Economics.
    8. repec:elg:eechap:14395_24 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Karlsson, Charlie & Johansson, Börje & Stough, Roger, 2008. "Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Functional Regions," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 144, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    10. Grillitsch, Markus & Nilsson , Magnus, 2013. "Technological competencies and firm performance: Analyzing the importance of internal and external competencies," Papers in Innovation Studies 2013/24, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    11. Tobias Arvemo & Urban Gråsjö, 2012. "Do different measures of economic growth lead to different conclusions?," Chapters,in: Entrepreneurship, Social Capital and Governance, chapter 11, pages 263-280 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    12. Markus Grillitsch & Magnus Nilsson, 2015. "Innovation in peripheral regions: Do collaborations compensate for a lack of local knowledge spillovers?," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, pages 299-321.
    13. Urban Grasjö & Tobias Arvemo, 2011. "Different measures of economic growth lead to different conclusions?," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1515, European Regional Science Association.
    14. Tobias Arvemo & Urban Gråsjö, 2014. "University colleges’ effect on economic growth in Swedish middlesized municipalities," Chapters,in: Knowledge, Innovation and Space, chapter 12, pages 287-304 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    15. Backman, Mikaela & Palmberg, Johanna, 2015. "Contextualizing small family firms: How does the urban–rural context affect firm employment growth?," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 247-258.
    16. Charlie Karlsson & Börje Johansson & Kiyoshi Kobayashi & Roger R. Stough (ed.), 2014. "Knowledge, Innovation and Space," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 13819, April.
    17. Fuchs Martina & Winter Johannes, 2008. "Competencies in subsidiaries of multinational companies," Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie, De Gruyter, vol. 52(1), pages 209-220, October.
    18. Börje Johansson & Hans Lööf & Amy Rade Olsson, 2005. "Firm location, Corporate Structure, R&D Investment, Innovation and Productivity," ERSA conference papers ersa05p108, European Regional Science Association.
    19. Grillitsch, Markus & Nilsson, Magnus, 2015. "Firm Performance in the Periphery: On the Relation between Firm-Internal Knowledge and Local Knowledge Spillovers," Papers in Innovation Studies 2015/40, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    20. Sam Tavassoli & Nunzia Carbonara, 2014. "The role of knowledge variety and intensity for regional innovation," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 43(2), pages 493-509, August.
    21. Robert Huggins & Piers Thompson, 2015. "Entrepreneurship, innovation and regional growth: a network theory," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 45(1), pages 103-128, June.
    22. Ana Condeço-Melhorado & Aura Reggiani & Javier Gutiérrez (ed.), 2014. "Accessibility and Spatial Interaction," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 15267, April.
    23. Olof Ejermo & Urban Gråsjö, 2014. "Accessibility to R&D: a re-examination of the consequences for invention and innovation," Chapters,in: Knowledge, Innovation and Space, chapter 3, pages 51-79 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    24. Aguilera, Anne, 2008. "Business travel and mobile workers," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 42(8), pages 1109-1116, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Accessibility; private and university R&D; patents; spillovers; Sweden;

    JEL classification:

    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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