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How does Accessibility to Knowledge Sources Affect the Innovativeness of Corporations? Evidence from Sweden

  • Andersson, Martin

    ()

    (Jönköping International Business School)

  • Ejermo, Olof

    ()

    (CIRCLE, Lund University)

This paper studies the innovative performance of 130 Swedish corporations during 1993-94. The number of patents per corporation is explained as a function of the accessibility to internal and external knowledge sources of each corporation. A coherent way of handling accessibility measures, within and between corporations located across regions, is introduced. We examine the relative importance of intraand interregional knowledge sources from i) the own corporation, ii) other corporations, and iii) universities. The results show that there is a positive relationship between the innovativeness of a corporation and its accessibility to university researchers within regions where own research groups are located. Good accessibility among the corporation’s research units does not have any significant effects on the likelihood of generation of patents. Instead the size of the R&D staff of the corporation seems to be the most important internal factor. There is no indication that intraregional accessibility to other corporations’ research is important for a corporation’s innovativeness. However, there is some indication of reduced likelihood for own corporate patenting when other corporate R&D is located in nearby regions. This may reflect a negative effect from competition for R&D labor.

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File URL: http://www.circle.lu.se/upload/CIRCLE/workingpapers/200504_Andersson_Ejermo.pdf
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Paper provided by Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy in its series Papers in Innovation Studies with number 2005/4.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: 01 Jun 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:lucirc:2005_004
Contact details of provider: Postal: CIRCLE, Lund University, PO Box 117, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden
Phone: +46 (0) 46 222 74 68
Web page: http://www.circle.lu.se/

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