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Incomplete VAT rebates to exporters : how do they affect China's export performance?

Author

Listed:
  • Julien Gourdon

    (CEPII - Centre d'études prospectives et d'informations internationales - CEPII - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales - Centre d'analyse stratégique)

  • Stéphanie Monjon

    (LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Sandra Poncet

    () (CEPII - Centre d'études prospectives et d'informations internationales - CEPII - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales - Centre d'analyse stratégique)

Abstract

During the last decade, the Chinese government has frequently changed the value added tax (VAT) refund levels offered to exporters. Indeed, China's VAT system is not neutral, in particular because the exporters may not receive complete refund of the domestic VAT paid on their inputs. This paper investigates how changes in the VAT rebates affect export performance in China. Our empirical analysis relies on export volume data at the HS6 product level over the 2003-12 period. To address potential endogeneity, we exploit an eligibility rule that disqualifies processingtrade with supplied materials from the rebates. We find that the adjustments to the VAT rebates have significant repercussions on the exported volume: a one percentage point increase in the VAT rebate can lead to a 7% increase in export volumes. This magnitude allows to better understand the strong resistance of China's exports amid the global recession.

Suggested Citation

  • Julien Gourdon & Stéphanie Monjon & Sandra Poncet, 2017. "Incomplete VAT rebates to exporters : how do they affect China's export performance?," Working Papers hal-01496998, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-01496998
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01496998
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gourdon, Julien & Monjon, Stéphanie & Poncet, Sandra, 2016. "Trade policy and industrial policy in China: What motivates public authorities to apply restrictions on exports?," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 105-120.
    2. Johannes Van Biesebroeck & Jozef Konings & Christian Volpe Martincus, 2016. "Did export promotion help firms weather the crisis?," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 31(88), pages 653-702.
    3. L. An & C. Hu & Yong Tan, 2017. "Regional effects of export tax rebate on exporting firms: Evidence from China," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(4), pages 774-798, September.
    4. Liu, X., 2018. "Export Tax Rebate Policy in Chinese Fishery Sector: Who are the Beneficiaries?," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 277454, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Haichao Fan & Yu Liu & Nancy Qian & Jaya Wen, 2018. "Computerizing VAT Invoices in China," NBER Working Papers 24414, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Eisenbarth, Sabrina, 2017. "Is Chinese trade policy motivated by environmental concerns?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 74-103.
    7. Liu, Xuepeng & Shi, Huimin & Ferrantino, Michael, 2016. "Tax evasion through trade intermediation: Evidence from Chinese exporters," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 518-535.
    8. Yasheng Huang & Heiwai Tang, 2018. "Are foreign firms favored in China? Firm-level evidence on the collection of value-added taxes," Journal of International Business Policy, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 1(1), pages 71-91, June.
    9. Fan, Haichao & Liu, Yu & Qian, Nancy & Wen, Jaya, 2018. "The Dynamic Effects of Computerized VAT Invoices on Chinese Manufacturing Firms," CEPR Discussion Papers 12786, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Xuefeng, Qian & Yaşar, Mahmut, 2016. "Export Market Diversification and Firm Productivity: Evidence from a Large Developing Country," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 28-47.
    11. Liu, Xinran & Ge, Wei, 2018. "Who Benefits from the Export Tax Rebate Policy? Evidence from the Chinese Fishery Sector," Studies in Agricultural Economics, Research Institute for Agricultural Economics, vol. 120(2), August.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    China; VAT system; Export performance; Export tax;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology

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