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Inequality of Opportunity in Brazil: A Corrigendum


  • François Bourguignon

    () (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

  • Francisco H. G. Ferreira

    (The World Bank - The World Bank, IZA - Institute for the Study of Labor - IZA)

  • Marta Menéndez

    (DIAL - Développement, institutions et analyses de long terme, UP9 - Université Paris 9, Dauphine - Université Paris-Dauphine)


This note acknowledges and corrects a programming error in our paper "Inequality of Opportunity in Brazil" (Review of Income and Wealth, 53(4), 585-618, 2007). Once the error is corrected, our bounds approach to the identification of individual model parameters in the presence of omitted variable biases is much less useful than indicated in the original paper. In the specific context of the measurement of inequality of opportunity, this implies that the decomposition of overall inequality of opportunity into direct and indirect effects is not reliable. However, the parametric approach introduced in our paper remains useful for obtaining a lower-bound estimate of overall ex-ante inequality of opportunity, as proposed by Ferreira and Gignoux (2011).

Suggested Citation

  • François Bourguignon & Francisco H. G. Ferreira & Marta Menéndez, 2013. "Inequality of Opportunity in Brazil: A Corrigendum," PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" halshs-00879769, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:pseose:halshs-00879769
    DOI: 10.1111/roiw.12045
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. repec:dau:papers:123456789/1552 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Jaya Krishnakumar, 2013. "On Endogeneity Bias: Some General Remarks and Correction of the ROIW Paper by Bourguignon, Ferreira, and Menéndez (2007)," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 59(3), pages 539-550, September.
    3. François Bourguignon & Francisco H. G. Ferreira & Marta Menéndez, 2007. "Inequality Of Opportunity In Brazil," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 53(4), pages 585-618, December.
    4. Francisco H. G. Ferreira & Jérémie Gignoux, 2011. "The Measurement Of Inequality Of Opportunity: Theory And An Application To Latin America," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 57(4), pages 622-657, December.
    5. Francisco H.G. Ferreira & Jérémie Gignoux, 2011. "The Measurement of Inequality of Inequality of Opportunity: Theory and an Application to Latin America," Post-Print halshs-00754503, HAL.
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    Cited by:

    1. Piraino, Patrizio, 2015. "Intergenerational Earnings Mobility and Equality of Opportunity in South Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 396-405.
    2. Pogorletskiy Alexander I., 2013. "Individual Income Taxation in the World and Russian Practice: Modern Tendencies and Prospects," Business Inform, RESEARCH CENTRE FOR INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT PROBLEMS of NAS (KHARKIV, UKRAINE), Kharkiv National University of Economics, issue 11, pages 20-28.
    3. Mandla Nyathi & Thokozani Khupe & Watchy Ruparanganda, 2016. "From rags to riches and riches to rags again: tale of women informal retail traders in Zimbabwe," International Journal of Social Sciences, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences, vol. 5(2), pages 58-72, May.
    4. Bird, Richard M. & Zolt, Eric M., 2015. "Fiscal Contracting in Latin America," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 323-335.
    5. John E. Roemer & Alain Trannoy, 2013. "Equality of Opportunity," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1921, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    6. Sunduramurthy, Chamu & Zheng, Congcong & Musteen, Martina & Francis, John & Rhyne, Lawrence, 2016. "Doing more with less, systematically? Bricolage and ingenieuring in successful social ventures," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 51(5), pages 855-870.
    7. repec:eee:ehbiol:v:26:y:2017:i:c:p:164-173 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Omgba, Luc Désiré, 2015. "Why Do Some Oil-Producing Countries Succeed in Democracy While Others Fail?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 180-189.
    9. Valérie BÉRENGER & Jean-Claude VÉREZ, 2016. "Enjeux Et Défis Des Politiques Publiques En Matière De Croissance Inclusive - L’Exemple De La Réforme De La Santé Au Maroc," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 44, pages 11-26.
    10. Arden Finn & Murray Leibbrandt & Vimal Ranchhod, 2016. "Patterns of persistence: Intergenerational mobility and education in South Africa," SALDRU Working Papers 175, Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town.
    11. Vincenzo Carrieri & Vito Peragine, 2014. "Decomposing inequality 'at work': Cross-country evidence from EU-SILC," Working papers 15, Società Italiana di Economia Pubblica.
    12. Vila, Trinidad Domínguez & Darcy, Simon & Alén, Elisa, 2014. "Jogos Olímpicos e Paraolímpicos no Brasil: aprendendo com Barcelona e Sidney," RAE - Revista de Administração de Empresas, FGV-EAESP Escola de Administração de Empresas de São Paulo (Brazil), vol. 54(2), March.

    More about this item


    Brazil; Inequality of opportunities; Omitted variable bias;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement


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