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Fiscalité, effets de voisinage et offre de travail au noir

  • Bernard Fortin

    (Département d'Economique - Université Laval)

  • Nadia Joubert

    (GATE - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - CNRS : UMR5824 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines)

  • Guy Lacroix

    (Département d'Economique - Université Laval)

Ce papier examine l'impact de la fiscalité et du comportement de l'entourage sur la décision individuelle de travailler sur le marché régulier et sur le marché irrégulier. Un modèle théorique d'offre de travail est développé. Nous spécifions ensuite une fonction d'utilité quadratique afin d'imposer un minimum de structure aux préférences individuelles. Les estimations des paramètres de cette fonction d'utilité sont obtenus par la méthode du maximum de vraisemblance à information complète. Nous estimons un système d'équations simultanées comprenant en particulier les heures de travail sur chacun des deux marchés, le revenu ''virtuel'' hors-travail, le salaire net sur le marché régulier et le salaire espéré sur le marché irrégulier. Nous procédons aux estimations économétriques sur données individuelles canadiennes tirées d'une enquête menée en 1994. Nos résultats confirment l'hypothèse de comportement interdépendant dans le choix de l'activité et la présence d'interactions sociales dans les décisions.

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Date of creation: Jun 2002
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Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00178184
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  19. Mroz, Thomas A, 1987. "The Sensitivity of an Empirical Model of Married Women's Hours of Work to Economic and Statistical Assumptions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(4), pages 765-99, July.
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