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Identification of Anonymous Endogenous Interactions

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  • Charles F. Manski

Abstract

In theoretical studies of social interactions, we hypothesize a process and seek to deduce the implied outcomes. In inferential studies, we face an inverse logical problem. Given observations of outcomes and maintained assumptions, we seek to deduce the actual process generating the observations. Throughout the modern development of the social sciences, analysis of the problems of empirical inference on social interaction processes has lagged far behind our willingness and ability to theorize about these processes. This asymmetry is unfortunate. The theoretical studies hypothesizing alternative realities are ultimately sterile if we do not also ask how these alternative realities are empirically distinguishable. The term "ananymous endogenous interactions" describes the class of social processes in which the behavior of an individual varies with the distribution of behavior in a group containing the individual. The interactions are endogenous because the outcome of each group member varies with the outcomes of the other group members, not with other attributes of the group. The interactions are anonymous because they may be described without naming the members of the group or otherwise specifying the iternal structure of the group. Despite the large body of theory on anonymous endogenous interactions, little attention has been given to the corresponding problem of empirical inference from observations of outcomes. The present paper exposits and extends my recent work on this subject. Key words. identification, social interactions

Suggested Citation

  • Charles F. Manski, 1996. "Identification of Anonymous Endogenous Interactions," Working Papers 96-04-019, Santa Fe Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:wop:safiwp:96-04-019
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Manski, C.F., 1992. "Identification Problems in the Social Sciences," Working papers 9217, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
    2. Roehrig, Charles S, 1988. "Conditions for Identification in Nonparametric and Parametic Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(2), pages 433-447, March.
    3. William A. Brock & Steven N. Durlauf, 2001. "Discrete Choice with Social Interactions," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 68(2), pages 235-260.
    4. Pollak, Robert A, 1976. "Interdependent Preferences," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 66(3), pages 309-320, June.
    5. Bernheim, B Douglas, 1994. "A Theory of Conformity," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(5), pages 841-877, October.
    6. Charles F. Manski, 1993. "Identification of Endogenous Social Effects: The Reflection Problem," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 60(3), pages 531-542.
    7. Schelling, Thomas C, 1969. "Models of Segregation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(2), pages 488-493, May.
    8. Roland Benabou, 1993. "Workings of a City: Location, Education, and Production," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 619-652.
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    Cited by:

    1. Carla Sá & Raymond Florax & Piet Rietveld, 2007. "Living-arrangement and university decisions of Dutch young adults," NIPE Working Papers 14/2007, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
    2. Bernard Fortin & Nadia Joubert & Guy Lacroix, 2002. "Fiscalité, effets de voisinage et offre de travail au noir," Post-Print halshs-00178184, HAL.

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