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Online Job Search and Migration Intentions Across EU Member States

Listed author(s):
  • Tara Sinclair

    ()

    (Department of Economics/Institute for International Economic Policy, George Washington University)

  • Mariano Mamertino

    ()

    (Indeed Hiring Lab)

Most studies of migration focus on realized migration. In this study we instead focus on revealed preference of job seekers actively searching for a job in a country other than their current home. The advance of internet job search allows job seekers to explore employment options across the globe before making a decision to move. We characterize job seeker interest across national borders by looking at job search behavior on a major job search website. We focus on the 15 countries of the EU where job seekers in our sample could use the same medium to search at home or abroad. Some of these job seekers may be currently living abroad and are looking to return home. Many are likely responding to information they have about economic conditions both at home and abroad. We find that a small number of countries attract most of the interest of cross-border EU-15 job seekers: approximately 75% of within EU-15 cross-border traffic is going to the UK, France, Germany, Netherlands and Belgium combined - and another 16% is almost evenly split between Spain, Italy and Ireland. But smaller EU economies actually show the highest concentration of EU15 job search inflows. Overall the UK is the big winner in terms of attracting job seekers from outside its borders: almost 4 out of every 10 job searches of Europeans looking for opportunities outside their home country, but in one of the other EU15 countries, ends up on indeed.co.uk. In addition, we show that the UK also receives significant interest from Commonwealth countries and US. Our results suggest that, while language/cultural affinity together with availability of visas play a role in determining job search behaviors, cross-border job search traffic also mirrors jobseekers’ evaluation of the health of the labor market in the ‘origin’ and ‘destination’ countries . A case study on the impact of a major political event on international job search in Greece provides empirical evidence in support of this argument.

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File URL: https://www.gwu.edu/~iiep/assets/docs/papers/2016WP/SinclairIIEPWP2016-5.pdf
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Paper provided by The George Washington University, Institute for International Economic Policy in its series Working Papers with number 2016-5.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: May 2016
Handle: RePEc:gwi:wpaper:2016-5
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.gwu.edu/~iiep/
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  1. Brücker, Herbert & Bertoli, Simone & Fernández-Huertas Moraga, Jesús, 2013. "The European Crisis and Migration to Germany: Expectations and the Diversion of Migration Flows," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79693, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  2. Abigail Wozniak, 2010. "Are College Graduates More Responsive to Distant Labor Market Opportunities?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 45(4), pages 944-970.
  3. I R Gordon & I Molho, 1995. "Duration dependence in migration behaviour: cumulative inertia versus stochastic change," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 27(12), pages 1961-1975, December.
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  5. Ioana Marinescu & Roland Rathelot, 2016. "Mismatch Unemployment and the Geography of Job Search," NBER Working Papers 22672, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. I R Gordon & I Molho, 1995. "Duration Dependence in Migration Behaviour: Cumulative Inertia versus Stochastic Change," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 27(12), pages 1961-1975, December.
  7. Laura Gee, 2014. "The More you Know: Information Effects in Job Application Rates by Gender in a Large Field Experiment," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0780, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
  8. Lucia Kureková & Miroslav Beblavý & Anna Thum-Thysen, 2015. "Using online vacancies and web surveys to analyse the labour market: a methodological inquiry," IZA Journal of Labor Economics, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 4(1), pages 1-20, December.
  9. Elsner, Benjamin & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2013. "10 Years After: EU Enlargement, Closed Borders, and Migration to Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 7130, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. Bound, John & Holzer, Harry J, 2000. "Demand Shifts, Population Adjustments, and Labor Market Outcomes during the 1980s," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 18(1), pages 20-54, January.
  11. Delgado Helleseter, Miguel & Kuhn, Peter J. & Shen, Kailing, 2016. "Age and Gender Profiling in the Chinese and Mexican Labor Markets: Evidence from Four Job Boards," IZA Discussion Papers 9891, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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