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Economic development, external shocks, and food security in Tajikistan:


  • Akramov, Kamiljon T.
  • Shreedhar, Ganga


The combination of the recent global food and financial crises has had severe negative consequences on food security in Tajikistan. High dependence on food imports has made Tajikistan extremely vulnerable to the increasing global food prices and the volatility and transmission of global food prices was an important dimension of the food price crisis in the country. Excessive reliance on labor remittances exacerbated Tajikistan’s food insecurity and the vulnerability of its households. This study examines the impact of recent food and economic crises on macro- and household-level food security in the country using macro-, sectoral-, and household-level data from national and international sources. The study also discusses overall trends in economic growth and poverty reduction, constraints and bottlenecks on agricultural growth and productivity, and other policies that may mitigate the negative effects of future external shocks.

Suggested Citation

  • Akramov, Kamiljon T. & Shreedhar, Ganga, 2012. "Economic development, external shocks, and food security in Tajikistan:," IFPRI discussion papers 1163, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:ifprid:1163

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Klümper, Frederike & Theesfeld, Insa & Herzfeld, Thomas, 2018. "Discrepancies between paper and practice in policy implementation: Tajikistan’s property rights and customary claims to land and water," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 327-339.
    2. Jarilkasin Ilyasov & Linde Götz & Kamiljon Akramov & Paul Dorosh & Thomas Glauben, 2016. "Market Integration and Price Transmission in Tajikistan’s Wheat Markets: Rising Like Rockets but Falling Like Feathers?," Working Papers id:11177, eSocialSciences.
    3. Mukhamedova, Nozilakhon & Wegerich, Kai, 2018. "The feminization of agriculture in post-Soviet Tajikistan," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 128-139.
    4. Saule Burkitbayeva & Johan Swinnen & Nele Warrinnier, 2020. "Food and nutrition security in Eurasia: Evolution, shocks and policies," Russian Journal of Economics, ARPHA Platform, vol. 6(1), pages 6-25, March.
    5. Theesfeld Insa & Klümper Frederike, 2016. "Interplay between structural change in Central Asian agriculture and institutional scarcity of land and water: evidence from Tajikistan," Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie, De Gruyter, vol. 60(1-2), pages 81-96, June.
    6. Danzer, Alexander M. & Grundke, Robert, 2020. "Export price shocks and rural labor markets: The role of labor market distortions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 145(C).
    7. Madeeha Qureshi & Ejaz Ghani & Musleh-ud Din & Usman Qadir, 2019. "Vulnerability in Food Supply and Food Access—Evidence from ECO Region," PIDE-Working Papers 2019:171, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    8. Pascal Jaupart, 2019. "No country for young men: International migration and left‐behind children in Tajikistan," Economics of Transition and Institutional Change, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 27(3), pages 579-614, July.
    9. Klümper, Frederike & Theesfeld, Insa, 2017. "The land-water-food nexus: expanding the social-ecological system framework to link land and water governance," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 1-16.
    10. Danzer, Alexander M. & Grundke, Robert, 2016. "Coerced Labor in the Cotton Sector: How Global Commodity Prices (Don't) Transmit to the Poor," IZA Discussion Papers 9971, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

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    food security; Remittances; Poverty reduction; Shocks;

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