Land use policies and practices for reducing vulnerability in rural Tajikistan
Tajikistan, with 93% of its surface area taken up by mountains and 65% of its labor force employed in agriculture, is judged to be highly vulnerable to risks, including climate change risks and food insecurity risks. The article examines a set of land use policies and practices that can be used to mitigate the vulnerability of Tajikistan’s large rural population, primarily by increasing family incomes. Empirical evidence from Tajikistan and other CIS countries suggests that families with more land and higher commercialization earn higher incomes and achieve higher well-being. The recommended policy measures that are likely to increase rural family incomes accordingly advocate expansion of smallholder farms, improvement of livestock productivity, increase of farm commercialization through improvement of farm services, and greater diversification of both income sources and the product mix. The analysis relies for supporting evidence on official statistics and recent farm surveys. Examples from local initiatives promoting sustainable land management practices and demonstrating the implementation of the proposed policy measures are presented
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- Heltberg, Rasmus & Bonch-Osmolovskiy, Misha, 2011. "Mapping vulnerability to climate change," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5554, The World Bank.
- World Bank, 2009. "Adapting to Climate Change in Europe and Central Asia," World Bank Other Operational Studies 3052, The World Bank.
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