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Understanding the Nature of Cooperation Variability

Author

Listed:
  • Toke Fosgaard

    () (Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen)

  • Lars Gårn Hansen

    () (Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen)

  • Erik Wengström

    () (Department of Economics, Lund University
    Department of Economics, University of Copenhagen)

Abstract

We investigate framing effects in a large-scale public good experiment. We measure indicators of explanations previously proposed in the literature, which when combined with the large sample, enable us to estimate a structural model of framing effects. The model captures potential causal effects and the behavioral heterogeneity of cooperation variability. We find that framing only has a small effect on the average level of cooperation but a substantial effect on behavioral heterogeneity and we show that this can be explained almost exclusively by a corresponding change in the heterogeneity of beliefs about other subjects’ behavior. Preferences are on the other hand stable between frames.

Suggested Citation

  • Toke Fosgaard & Lars Gårn Hansen & Erik Wengström, 2013. "Understanding the Nature of Cooperation Variability," IFRO Working Paper 2013/4, University of Copenhagen, Department of Food and Resource Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:foi:wpaper:2013_4
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Bosworth, Steven & Singer, Tania & Snower, Dennis J., 2016. "Cooperation, motivation and social balance," Kiel Working Papers 2023, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    2. Björk, Lisa & Kocher, Martin & Martinsson, Peter & Nam Khanh, Pham, 2016. "Cooperation under risk and ambiguity," Working Papers in Economics 683, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
    3. Steven J. Bosworth & Tania Singer & Dennis Snower, 2016. "Cooperation, Motivation and Social Balance," CESifo Working Paper Series 5763, CESifo Group Munich.
    4. Martinsson, Peter & Medhin, Haileselassie & Persson, Emil, 2016. "Framing and Minimum Levels in Public Good Provision," Working Papers in Economics 656, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
    5. Ispano, Alessandro & Schwardmann, Peter, 2017. "Cooperating Over Losses and Competing Over Gains: a Social Dilemma Experiment," Rationality and Competition Discussion Paper Series 23, CRC TRR 190 Rationality and Competition.
    6. Kölle, Felix & Gächter, Simon & Quercia, Simone, 2014. "The ABC of Cooperation in Voluntary Contribution and Common Pool Extraction Games," Annual Conference 2014 (Hamburg): Evidence-based Economic Policy 100417, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    7. Vesely, Stepan & Wengström, Erik, 2017. "Risk and Cooperation: Experimental Evidence from Stochastic Public Good Games," Working Papers 2017:3, Lund University, Department of Economics.
    8. repec:spr:sochwe:v:49:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s00355-017-1058-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:eee:jeeman:v:88:y:2018:i:c:p:300-310 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Cox, Caleb A., 2015. "Decomposing the effects of negative framing in linear public goods games," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 126(C), pages 63-65.
    11. Bartke, Simon & Bosworth, Steven J. & Snower, Dennis & Chierchia, Gabriele, 2016. "The influence of induced care and anger motives on behavior, beliefs and perceptions in a public goods game," Kiel Working Papers 2054, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    12. Nielsen, Ulrik H. & Tyran, Jean-Robert & Wengström, Erik, 2014. "Second thoughts on free riding," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 122(2), pages 136-139.
    13. Jimenez, Natalia & Rodriguez-Lara, Ismael & Tyran, Jean-Robert & Wengström, Erik, 2018. "Thinking fast, thinking badly," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 162(C), pages 41-44.
    14. Caleb A. Cox & Brock Stoddard, 2015. "Framing and Feedback in Social Dilemmas with Partners and Strangers," Games, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(4), pages 1-19, September.
    15. Edward Cartwright, 2016. "A comment on framing effects in linear public good games," Journal of the Economic Science Association, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 2(1), pages 73-84, May.
    16. Bosworth, Steven J. & Singer, Tania & Snower, Dennis J., 2016. "Cooperation, motivation and social balance," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 126(PB), pages 72-94.
    17. Gerrit Frackenpohl & Adrian Hillenbrand & Sebastian Kube, 2016. "Leadership effectiveness and institutional frames," Experimental Economics, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 19(4), pages 842-863, December.
    18. Toke Reinholt Fosgaard & Marco Piovesan, 2015. "Nudge for (the Public) Good: How Defaults can affect Cooperation," IFRO Working Paper 2015/11, University of Copenhagen, Department of Food and Resource Economics.
    19. Bosworth, Steven & Singer, Tania & Snower, Dennis J., 2016. "Cooperation, Motivation and Social Balance," CEPR Discussion Papers 11131, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    20. repec:eee:gamebe:v:105:y:2017:i:c:p:329-348 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Bosworth, Steven J. & Singer, Tania & Snower, Dennis J., 2016. "Cooperation, Motivation and Social Balance," IZA Discussion Papers 9703, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Framing; Public Goods; Internet Experiment; Simulation;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C71 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Cooperative Games
    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods

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