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Doing well by doing good? Community development venture capital

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Abstract

This paper examines the investments and performance of community development venture capital (CDVC). We find substantial differences between CDVC and traditional venture capital (VC) investments: CDVC investments are far more likely to be in nonmetropolitan regions and in regions with little prior venture capital activity. Moreover, CDVC is likely to be in earlier-stage investments and in industries outside the venture capital mainstream that have lower probabilities of successful exit. Even after we control for this unattractive transaction mix, the probability of a CDVC investment being successfully exited is lower. One benefit of CDVCs may be their effect in bringing traditional VC investment to underserved regions: When we control for the presence of traditional VC investments, each additional CDVC investment results in an additional 0.06 new traditional VC firm in a region.

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  • Anna Kovner & Joshua Lerner, 2012. "Doing well by doing good? Community development venture capital," Staff Reports 572, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fednsr:572
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    Cited by:

    1. Shawn Cole & Martin Melecky & Florian Mölders & Tristan Reed, 2020. "Long-run Returns to Impact Investing in Emerging Markets and Developing Economies," NBER Working Papers 27870, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Tereza Tykvová, 2018. "Venture capital and private equity financing: an overview of recent literature and an agenda for future research," Journal of Business Economics, Springer, vol. 88(3), pages 325-362, May.
    3. Richard T Harrison & Babangida Yohanna & Yannis Pierrakis, 2020. "Internationalisation and localisation: Foreign venture capital investments in the United Kingdom," Local Economy, London South Bank University, vol. 35(3), pages 230-256, May.
    4. Yan Alperovych & Anita Quas & Thomas Standaert, 2018. "Direct And Indirect Government Venture Capital Investments In Europe," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 38(2), pages 1219-1230.
    5. Barber, Brad M. & Morse, Adair & Yasuda, Ayako, 2021. "Impact investing," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 139(1), pages 162-185.
    6. Jeaneth Johansson & Malin Malmström & Joakim Wincent, 2021. "Sustainable Investments in Responsible SMEs: That’s What’s Distinguish Government VCs from Private VCs," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 14(1), pages 1-22, January.
    7. Lindsey, Kevin & Mauck, Nathan & Olsen, Ben, 2021. "The coming wave of small business succession and the role of stakeholder synergy theory," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 48(C).
    8. Fabio Bertoni & Massimo G. Colombo & Anita Quas, 2019. "The Role of Governmental Venture Capital in the Venture Capital Ecosystem: An Organizational Ecology Perspective," Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, , vol. 43(3), pages 611-628, May.
    9. Alperovych, Yan & Groh, Alexander & Quas, Anita, 2020. "Bridging the equity gap for young innovative companies: The design of effective government venture capital fund programs," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(10).
    10. Massimo G. Colombo & Samuele Murtinu, 2017. "Venture Capital Investments in Europe and Portfolio Firms' Economic Performance: Independent Versus Corporate Investors," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(1), pages 35-66, February.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    community development; venture capital;

    JEL classification:

    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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