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The Effects of Government-Sponsored Venture Capital: International Evidence

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Listed:
  • James A. Brander
  • Qianqian Du
  • Thomas Hellmann

Abstract

This article examines enterprises funded by government-sponsored venture capitalists (GVCs). We find that enterprises funded by both GVCs and private venture capitalists (PVCs) obtain more investment than enterprises funded purely by PVCs, and much more than those funded purely by GVCs. Also, markets with more GVC funding have more VC funding per enterprise and more VC-funded enterprises, suggesting that GVC finance largely augments rather than displaces PVC finance. There is also a positive association between mixed GVC/PVC funding and successful exits, as measured by initial public offerings (IPOs) and acquisitions, attributable largely to the additional investment.

Suggested Citation

  • James A. Brander & Qianqian Du & Thomas Hellmann, 2015. "The Effects of Government-Sponsored Venture Capital: International Evidence," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 19(2), pages 571-618.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:revfin:v:19:y:2015:i:2:p:571-618.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/rof/rfu009
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    1. Keuschnigg, Christian & Nielsen, Soren Bo, 2003. "Tax policy, venture capital, and entrepreneurship," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 175-203, January.
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    5. Thomas J. Chemmanur & Karthik Krishnan & Debarshi K. Nandy, 2011. "How Does Venture Capital Financing Improve Efficiency in Private Firms? A Look Beneath the Surface," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 24(12), pages 4037-4090.
    6. Thomas Hellmann & Laura Lindsey & Manju Puri, 2008. "Building Relationships Early: Banks in Venture Capital," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 21(2), pages 513-541, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alperovych, Yan & Hübner, Georges & Lobet, Fabrice, 2015. "How does governmental versus private venture capital backing affect a firm's efficiency? Evidence from Belgium," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 508-525.
    2. Fabio Bertoni & Diego D’Adda & Luca Grilli, 2016. "Cherry-picking or frog-kissing? A theoretical analysis of how investors select entrepreneurial ventures in thin venture capital markets," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 46(3), pages 391-405, March.
    3. Kushlin, Valery & Ustenko, Viktoriya, 2017. "Modern World Practice of State Support of Perspective Scientific and Innovative Programs: Evaluation of the Developed Mechanisms of State Management of Innovation Development in the Context of Time Ch," Working Papers 041718, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
    4. repec:kap:sbusec:v:50:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11187-016-9831-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Achleitner, A.-K. & Bock, Carolin & Watzinger, Martin, 2011. "The Capital Gains Tax: A Curse but also a Blessing for Venture Capital Investment," Publications of Darmstadt Technical University, Institute for Business Studies (BWL) 77259, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute for Business Studies (BWL).
    6. Engberg, Erik & Halvarsson, Daniel & Tingvall, Patrik, 2017. "Direct and Indirect Effects of Private- and Government Sponsored Venture Capital," Ratio Working Papers 288, The Ratio Institute.
    7. Kraemer-Eis, Helmut & Signore, Simone & Prencipe, Dario, 2016. "The European venture capital landscape: an EIF perspective. Volume I: The impact of EIF on the VC ecosystem," EIF Working Paper Series 2016/34, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    8. repec:kap:jtecht:v:42:y:2017:i:5:d:10.1007_s10961-016-9476-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Thorsten Beck & Samuel Munzele Maimbo & Issa Faye & Thouraya Triki, 2011. "Financing Africa : Through the Crisis and Beyond," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2355.
    10. repec:eee:pacfin:v:48:y:2018:i:c:p:162-185 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. repec:eee:pacfin:v:43:y:2017:i:c:p:107-123 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Adongo, Jonathan O., 2017. "Legal jurisdiction, director liability law, and venture capitalists’ equity stakes in Africa," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 78-93.
    13. Katarzyna Szkuta & Blagoy Stamenov & Anna Ianshyna, 2017. "Improving access to finance for young innovative enterprises with growth potential: evidence of impact on firms' outputs: Part 1. Equity instruments: lessons learned from policy evaluations," JRC Working Papers JRC109163, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    14. repec:kap:sbusec:v:50:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9877-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Colombo, Massimo G. & D’Adda, Diego & Pirelli, Lorenzo H., 2016. "The participation of new technology-based firms in EU-funded R&D partnerships: The role of venture capital," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 361-375.
    16. repec:ksa:szemle:1696 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Guerini, Massimiliano & Quas, Anita, 2016. "Governmental venture capital in Europe: Screening and certification," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 175-195.
    18. repec:eee:chieco:v:44:y:2017:i:c:p:48-66 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Matteo Bugamelli & Luigi Cannari & Francesca Lotti & Silvia Magri, 2012. "The innovation gap of Italy�s production system: roots and possible solutions," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 121, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    20. Anna Kovner & Josh Lerner, 2015. "Doing Well by Doing Good? Community Development Venture Capital," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(3), pages 643-663, September.
    21. Anita Lovas & János Pereczes & Viktória Rába, 2015. "Incentives and restrictions in venture capital contracts," Financial and Economic Review, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary), vol. 14(3), pages 106-121.
    22. repec:eee:respol:v:47:y:2018:i:1:p:49-60 is not listed on IDEAS
    23. repec:cbh:journl:v:14:y:2015:i:3:p:106-121 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • H44 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Goods: Mixed Markets
    • H81 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - Governmental Loans; Loan Guarantees; Credits; Grants; Bailouts
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy

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