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The Global Transmission of Real Economic Uncertainty



Using a sample of 30 countries representing about 65% of the global GDP, we find that real economic uncertainty (REU) has negative long-lasting domestic economic effects and transmits across countries. The international spillover effects of REU are (i) additional to those of domestic REUs, (ii) statistically significant, and (iii) economically meaningful. Trade ties play a key role in explaining why uncertainty generated in one country can affect economic outcomes in other countries. Based on this evidence, we construct a novel index for global REU as the trade-weighted average of all countries' REUs. We disentangle the effects of the domestic and foreign components of global REU and find that, on average, innovations to the foreign component can contribute up to 28% of the future variation in domestic industrial production, with the effect being disproportionately larger on its manufacturing component, the component contributing the most to the tradable goods sector, than on its retail sales component.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan M. Londono & Sai Ma & Beth Anne Wilson, 2021. "The Global Transmission of Real Economic Uncertainty," International Finance Discussion Papers 1317, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgif:1317
    DOI: 10.17016/IFDP.2021.1317

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Juan M. Londono & Mehrdad Samadi, 2023. "The Price of Macroeconomic Uncertainty: Evidence from Daily Options," International Finance Discussion Papers 1376, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    3. Bonassa, Antonio Carlos & Cunha, Claudio Barbieri da & Isler, Cassiano Augusto, 2023. "A multi-start local search heuristic for the multi-period auto-carrier loading and transportation problem in Brazil," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 307(1), pages 193-211.

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    More about this item


    Economic effects of uncertainty; International transmission; Spillovers;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • F62 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Macroeconomic Impacts
    • F44 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Business Cycles

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