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Near-Money Premiums, Monetary Policy, and the Integration of Money Markets : Lessons from Deregulation

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Abstract

The 1960s and 1970s witnessed rapid growth in the markets for new money market instruments, such as negotiable certificates of deposit (CDs) and Eurodollar deposits, as banks and investors sought ways around various regulations affecting funding markets. In this paper, we investigate the impacts of the deregulation and integration of the money markets. We find that the pricing and volume of negotiable CDs and Eurodollars issued were influenced by the availability of other short-term safe assets, especially Treasury bills. Banks appear to have issued these money market instruments as substitutes for other types of funding. The integration of money markets and ability of banks to raise funds using a greater variety of substitutable instruments has implications for monetary policy. We find that, when deregulation reduced money market segmentation, larger open market operations were required to produce a given change in the federal funds rate, but that the pass through of changes in the funds rate to other market rates was also greater.

Suggested Citation

  • Mark A. Carlson & David C. Wheelock, 2016. "Near-Money Premiums, Monetary Policy, and the Integration of Money Markets : Lessons from Deregulation," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2016-077, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2016-77
    DOI: 10.17016/FEDS.2016.077
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    Cited by:

    1. Thakor, Anjan V., 2020. "Fintech and banking: What do we know?," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 41(C).
    2. Kerry Liu, 2018. "Why Does the Negotiable Certificate of Deposit Matter for Chinese Banking?," Economic Affairs, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(1), pages 96-105, February.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Deregulation; Eurodollars; Market integration; Monetary policy implementation; Money markets; Regulation Q;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • N22 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - U.S.; Canada: 1913-

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