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The Federal Reserve's Tools for Policy Normalization in a Preferred Habitat Model of Financial Markets

Author

Listed:
  • Han Chen
  • James A. Clouse
  • Jane E. Ihrig
  • Elizabeth C. Klee

Abstract

This paper develops a model of the financial system that provides a framework for analyzing monetary policy implementation in a world with multiple Federal Reserve liabilities and a superabundant supply of reserves. The analysis demonstrates that the Federal Reserve's suite of policy tools including interest on excess reserves (IOER), overnight and term reverse repurchase agreements, and term deposits should allow the Federal Reserve to raise the level of short-term interest rates at the appropriate time. The model also demonstrates that these tools could be used in different ways to achieve any given desired level of interest rates. The choices among alternative combinations of tools, of course, have implications for patterns of financial intermediation. Specifically, the quantity of Federal Reserve liabilities held outside of the banking system is shown to depend importantly on the spread between various policy rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Han Chen & James A. Clouse & Jane E. Ihrig & Elizabeth C. Klee, 2014. "The Federal Reserve's Tools for Policy Normalization in a Preferred Habitat Model of Financial Markets," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2014-83, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2014-83
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Carlson, Mark & Wheelock, David C., 2018. "Near-money premiums, monetary policy, and the integration of money markets: Lessons from deregulation," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 16-32.
    2. Marcelo Rezende & Mary-Frances Styczynski & Cindy M. Vojtech, 2016. "The Effects of Liquidity Regulation on Bank Demand in Monetary Policy Operations," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2016-090, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    3. Arce, Óscar & Nuño, Galo & Thaler, Dominik & Thomas, Carlos, 2020. "A large central bank balance sheet? Floor vs corridor systems in a New Keynesian environment," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 350-367.
    4. Rod Garratt & Antoine Martin & James J. McAndrews & Ed Nosal, 2015. "Segregated balance accounts," Staff Reports 730, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    5. Kyungmin Kim & Antoine Martin & Ed Nosal, 2018. "Can the U.S. Interbank Market Be Revived?," FRB Atlanta Working Paper 2018-13, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
    6. Alyssa G. Anderson & Jeff W. Huther, 2016. "Modelling Overnight RRP Participation," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2016-023, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    7. Martijn Boermans & Robert Vermeulen, 2018. "Quantitative easing and preferred habitat investors in the euro area bond market," DNB Working Papers 586, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    8. Kyungmin Kim & Antoine Martin & Ed Nosal, 2020. "Can the U.S. Interbank Market Be Revived?," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 52(7), pages 1645-1689, October.

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