Institutions, health shocks and labour outcomes across Europe
This paper investigates the relationship between health shocks and labour outcomes in 9 European countries using the European Community Household Panel. In order to control for the non-experimental nature of the data I use matching and matching combined with difference-in-differences techniques. My results suggest that there is a significant effect running from health to the probability of employment and to income: individuals who suffer a health shock are significantly more likely to leave employment, and in several countries this is associated to a significant reduction in some types of income. There are differences in the estimates across countries, with the largest employment effects being found in the Netherlands, Denmark and Ireland, and the smallest in France, Italy and Greece. The differences in Social Security arrangements help to explain the differences in the estimates for the effects of the health shocks.
References listed on IDEAS
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