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Reforma de las pensiones: la experiencia internacional

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  • Javier Alonso Meseguer
  • J. Ignacio Conde-Ruiz

Abstract

Existe una duda razonable de que los países de la OCDE puedan seguir pagando pensiones de una cuantía suficiente a los ciudadanos que se jubilen en las próximas décadas. La dinámica demográfica del envejecimiento de la población (con espectaculares aumentos en la esperanza de vida) y la baja tasa de crecimiento de las economías de la OECD amenazan la sostenibilidad financiera de los sistemas de pensiones implantados después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Muchos economistas y la mayoría de organizaciones internacionales han propuesto políticas de reforma del sistema para mejorar su sostenibilidad en el largo plazo. Sin embargo, pocas reformas importantes se han llevado a cabo en Europa en la última década (tal vez la única excepción sean Suecia e Italia) y tampoco se han llevado a cabo en España, donde, según las últimas proyecciones de la UE , el gasto aumentará hasta alcanzar el 15,7% del PIB en el 2050. El objetivo de este artículo es realizar un inventario de las principales reformas llevadas a cabo hasta la fecha en los países europeos, y cuáles pueden ser las lecciones derivadas para España.

Suggested Citation

  • Javier Alonso Meseguer & J. Ignacio Conde-Ruiz, 2007. "Reforma de las pensiones: la experiencia internacional," Working Papers 2007-18, FEDEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2007-18
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Michele Boldrin & Sergi Jimenez-Martin, 2007. "Evaluating Spanish Pension Expenditure under Alternative Reform Scenarios," NBER Chapters,in: Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Fiscal Implications of Reform, pages 351-412 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. J. Ignacio Conde-Rui & Javier Alonso, "undated". "El futuro de las pensiones en España: Perspectivas y lecciones," Working Papers 2004-03, FEDEA.
    3. Peter Whiteford & Edward Whitehouse, 2006. "Pension Challenges and Pension Reforms in Oecd Countries," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 22(1), pages 78-94, Spring.
    4. Michele Boldrin & Sergi Jimenez-Martin & Franco Peracchi, 1999. "Social Security and Retirement in Spain," NBER Chapters,in: Social Security and Retirement around the World, pages 305-353 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Courtney Coile & Jonathan Gruber, 2000. "Social Security and Retirement," NBER Working Papers 7830, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. J. Ignacio Conde-Ruiz & Paola Profeta, 2007. "The Redistributive Design of Social Security Systems," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(520), pages 686-712, April.
    7. Queisser, Monika & Whitehouse, Edward, 2005. "Pensions at a glance: public policies across OECD countries," MPRA Paper 10907, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Angel Melguizo & Manuel Balmaseda & David Taguas, 2005. "Las reformas necesarias en el sistema de pensiones contributivas en Espana," Working Papers 0505, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
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    Cited by:

    1. Tânia Santos & Inmaculada Domínguez-Fabián, 2011. "Financial solvency of pension systems in the European Union," EcoMod2011 2916, EcoMod.
    2. Angel de la Fuente & Rafael Doménech, 2011. "El impacto sobre el gasto de la reforma de las pensiones: una primera estimación," Economic Reports 03-2011, FEDEA.
    3. Sabine Le Bayon, 2008. "L'Espagne de Zapatero : rupture ou continuité ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/6438, Sciences Po.
    4. Angel De la Fuente & Rafael Domenech, 2011. "The impact of Spanish pension reform on expenditure: A quick estimate," Working Papers 1112, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
    5. Tânia Santos & Inmaculada Domínguez Fabián, 2012. "Immigration and pension system in Portugal," Working Papers 84, globADVANTAGE, Polytechnic Institute of Leiria.

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