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Reforma de las pensiones: la experiencia internacional

  • Javier Alonso Meseguer
  • J. Ignacio Conde-Ruiz

Existe una duda razonable de que los países de la OCDE puedan seguir pagando pensiones de una cuantía suficiente a los ciudadanos que se jubilen en las próximas décadas. La dinámica demográfica del envejecimiento de la población (con espectaculares aumentos en la esperanza de vida) y la baja tasa de crecimiento de las economías de la OECD amenazan la sostenibilidad financiera de los sistemas de pensiones implantados después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Muchos economistas y la mayoría de organizaciones internacionales han propuesto políticas de reforma del sistema para mejorar su sostenibilidad en el largo plazo. Sin embargo, pocas reformas importantes se han llevado a cabo en Europa en la última década (tal vez la única excepción sean Suecia e Italia) y tampoco se han llevado a cabo en España, donde, según las últimas proyecciones de la UE , el gasto aumentará hasta alcanzar el 15,7% del PIB en el 2050. El objetivo de este artículo es realizar un inventario de las principales reformas llevadas a cabo hasta la fecha en los países europeos, y cuáles pueden ser las lecciones derivadas para España.

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Paper provided by FEDEA in its series Working Papers with number 2007-18.

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Date of creation: Jun 2007
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Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2007-18
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  1. Peter Whiteford & Edward Whitehouse, 2006. "Pension Challenges and Pension Reforms in Oecd Countries," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 22(1), pages 78-94, Spring.
  2. Balmaseda, Manuel & Melguizo, Angel & Taguas, David, 2006. "Las reformas necesarias en el sistema de pensiones contributivas en España
    [Reforming the Spanish contributory pension system]
    ," MPRA Paper 19574, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Mar 2006.
  3. J. Ignacio Conde-Ruiz & Paola Profeta, 2007. "The Redistributive Design of Social Security Systems," Working Papers 2007-07, FEDEA.
  4. Peracchi, Franco & Jiménez-Martín, Sergi & Boldrin, Michele, 1997. "Social security and retirement in Spain," UC3M Working papers. Economics 6043, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.
  5. Whitehouse, Edward & Queisser, Monika, 2007. "Pensions at a glance: public policies across OECD countries," MPRA Paper 16349, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Sergi Jiménez-Martín & Michele Boldrin, 2002. "Evaluating Spanish pension expenditure under alternativa reform scenario," Economics Working Papers 652, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  7. J. Ignacio Conde-Rui & Javier Alonso, . "El futuro de las pensiones en España: Perspectivas y lecciones," Working Papers 2004-03, FEDEA.
  8. Courtney Coile & Jonathan Gruber, 2000. "Social Security and Retirement," NBER Working Papers 7830, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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