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Does Tobin's q Matter for Firms' Choices of Globalization Mode?

Author

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  • JINJI Naoto
  • ZHANG Xingyuan
  • HARUNA Shoji

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate empirically how firms' choices of globalization mode differ according to their productivity and Tobin's q using firm-level data of Japanese firms. Our findings support predictions by Helpman, Melitz, and Yeaple (2004) and by Chen, Horstmann, and Markusen (2008). That is, we find that firms with higher productivity tend to choose more foreign direct investment (FDI) and less exporting. We also find that firms with higher Tobin's q tend to choose more FDI and less foreign outsourcing of production. The difference in productivity is relatively less important for the choice between FDI and foreign outsourcing, and the difference in Tobin's q is relatively less important for the choice between exporting and FDI. Because the indexes of globalization activities have a strong negatively skewed distribution, our results indicate that quantile regression would be appropriate to analyze the relationship between firm characteristics and choice of globalization mode.

Suggested Citation

  • JINJI Naoto & ZHANG Xingyuan & HARUNA Shoji, 2011. "Does Tobin's q Matter for Firms' Choices of Globalization Mode?," Discussion papers 11061, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  • Handle: RePEc:eti:dpaper:11061
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. KWON Hyeog Ug, 2012. "Offshoring of Japanese Small and Medium Enterprises (Japanese)," Discussion Papers (Japanese) 12004, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).

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