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Market concentration and the likelihood of financial crises

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Abstract

According to theory, market concentration affects the likelihood of a financial crisis in different ways. The “concentration-stability” and the “concentrationfragility” hypotheses suggest opposing effects operating through specific channels. Using data of 160 countries for the period 1970-2007, this paper empirically tests these indirect effects of financial market structure. We set up a simultaneous system in order to jointly estimate financial stability and the relevant channel variables as endogenous variables. Our findings provide support for the assumption of channel effects in general and both the concentrationstability and the concentration-fragility hypothesis in particular. The effects are found to vary between high and low income countries.

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  • Lucas Bretschger & Vivien Kappel, 2010. "Market concentration and the likelihood of financial crises," CER-ETH Economics working paper series 10/138, CER-ETH - Center of Economic Research (CER-ETH) at ETH Zurich.
  • Handle: RePEc:eth:wpswif:10-138
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    2. Ogura, Yoshiaki, 2020. "Intensified lending competition and search-for-yield under prolonged monetary easing," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 56(C).
    3. Dungey, Mardi & Gajurel, Dinesh, 2015. "Contagion and banking crisis – International evidence for 2007–2009," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 271-283.
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    5. Chu, Kam Hon, 2015. "Bank consolidation and stability: The Canadian experience, 1867–1935," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 46-60.
    6. Craig, Ben R. & Dinger, Valeriya, 2013. "Deposit market competition, wholesale funding, and bank risk," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 3605-3622.
    7. Schulte, Markus & Winkler, Adalbert, 2019. "Drivers of solvency risk – Are microfinance institutions different?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 403-426.
    8. Ben Ali, Mohamed Sami & Fhima, Fredj & Nouira, Ridha, 2020. "How does corruption undermine banking stability? A threshold nonlinear framework," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C).
    9. Mohamed Sami Ben Ali & Timoumi Intissar & Rami Zeitun, 2018. "Banking Concentration and Financial Stability. New Evidence from Developed and Developing Countries," Eastern Economic Journal, Palgrave Macmillan;Eastern Economic Association, vol. 44(1), pages 117-134, January.
    10. Yoshiaki Ogura, 2019. "Search-for-Yield under Prolonged Monetary Easing and Aging," Working Papers e142, Tokyo Center for Economic Research.
    11. Samangi Bandaranayake & Kuntal K. Das & Robert W. Reed, 2020. "Another Look At ‘Bank Competition And Financial Stability: Much Ado About Nothing’?," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(2), pages 344-371, April.
    12. Samangi Bandaranayake & Kuntal K. Das & W. Robert Reed, 2018. "A Replication of “Bank Competition and Financial Stability: Much Ado About Nothing?” (Journal of Economic Surveys, 2016)," Working Papers in Economics 18/18, University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance.
    13. Dongyeol Lee & Hyunjoon Lim, 2019. "Industrial structure and the probability of crisis: Stability is not resilience," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(1), pages 212-226, January.
    14. Chen, Pei-Fen & Lin, Chun-Wei & Lee, Chien-Chiang, 2019. "Financial crises, globalization, and insurer performance: Some international evidence," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 835-856.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Market Concentration; Financial Crisis; Systemic Crisis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles

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