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Does Institutions Quality Matter for Financial Development and Economic Growth Nexus? Another Look at the Evidence from MENA Countries

Listed author(s):
  • Houssem Rachdi
  • Sami Mensi

    ()

    (High School of Business of Tunis, University of Manouba, Tunisia)

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    The relationship between financial development and economic growth remains a fundamental issue in the economics and finance literature. This paper examines this relationship by introducing institutional variables (law and order, corruption, external conflicts, socioeconomic conditions, investment profile and democratic accountability) of 13 Middle East and North African (MENA) countries over the 1990-2008 period using the generalized method of moments (GMM) system approach. This (GMM) systems approach constitutes the outstanding aspect of this study. In fact, the empirical analysis reports the following results: when we use different measures of financial development and institutions as separate explanatory variables, most of the reported coefficients of liquid liabilities and central bank assets are positive and not significant, except for private credit, coefficients are negative and important. Some coefficients of institutional variables are positive and significant. These results have been obtained by using interaction between financial development and institutions. We find that most coefficients have a positive and insignificant impact on economic growth. However for democratic accountability, external conflicts, and socioeconomic conditions when central bank assets are used as a proxy for financial development, coefficients are positive and significant.

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    Paper provided by Economic Research Forum in its series Working Papers with number 705.

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    Length: 20
    Date of creation: 2012
    Date of revision: 2012
    Publication status: Published by The Economic Research Forum (ERF)
    Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:705
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    1. Chinn, Menzie D. & Ito, Hiro, 2006. "What matters for financial development? Capital controls, institutions, and interactions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 163-192, October.
    2. Blackburn, Keith & Forgues-Puccio, Gonzalo F., 2010. "Financial liberalization, bureaucratic corruption and economic development," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(7), pages 1321-1339, November.
    3. Aggarwal, Raj & Goodell, John W., 2010. "Financial markets versus institutions in European countries: Influence of culture and other national characteristics," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(5), pages 502-520, October.
    4. Ari Hyytinen & Iikka Kuosa & Tuomas Takalo, 2003. "Law or Finance: Evidence from Finland," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 59-89, July.
    5. Levine, Ross, 1999. "Law, Finance, and Economic Growth," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 8(1-2), pages 8-35, January.
    6. Marco Pagano & Paolo Volpin, 2001. "The Political Economy of Finance," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 17(4), pages 502-519.
    7. Beck, Thorsten & Levine, Ross & Loayza, Norman, 2000. "Finance and the sources of growth," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1-2), pages 261-300.
    8. Arestis, Philip, et al, 2002. "The Impact of Financial Liberalization Policies on Financial Development: Evidence from Developing Economies," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 7(2), pages 109-121, April.
    9. Casson, Mark C. & Della Giusta, Marina & Kambhampati, Uma S., 2010. "Formal and Informal Institutions and Development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 137-141, February.
    10. Levine, Ross, 1998. "The Legal Environment, Banks, and Long-Run Economic Growth," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 30(3), pages 596-613, August.
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