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Central Banks in Times of Crisis: The FED vs. the ECB

Author

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  • Gros, Daniel
  • Alcidi, Cinzia
  • Giovannini, Alessandro

Abstract

Different economic and financial structures require different crisis responses. Different crises also require different tools and resources. The first ‘stage’ of the financial crisis (2007-09) was similar on both sides of the Atlantic, and the response was also quite similar. The second stage of the crisis is unique to the euro area. Increasing financial disintegration within the region has forced the ECB to become the central counterparty for the entire cross-border banking market and to intervene in the sovereign bond market of some stressed countries. The actions undertaken by the European Central Bank (ECB), however, have not always represented the best response, in terms of effectiveness, consistency and transparency. This is especially true for the Securities Markets Programme (SMP): by de facto imposing its absolute seniority during the Greek PSI (private sector involvement), the ECB has probably killed its future effectiveness.

Suggested Citation

  • Gros, Daniel & Alcidi, Cinzia & Giovannini, Alessandro, 2012. "Central Banks in Times of Crisis: The FED vs. the ECB," CEPS Papers 7160, Centre for European Policy Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:eps:cepswp:7160
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    File URL: http://www.ceps.eu/system/files/book/2012/07/PB276%20DG%2C%20CA%20%2526%20AG%20Central%20Banks.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Joyce, Michael & Lasaosa, Ana & Stevens , Ibrahim & Tong, Matthew, 2010. "The financial market impact of quantitative easing," Bank of England working papers 393, Bank of England.
    2. N. Nergiz Dincer & Barry Eichengreen, 2007. "Central Bank Transparency: Where, Why, and with What Effects?," NBER Working Papers 13003, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. James D. Hamilton & Jing Cynthia Wu, 2012. "The Effectiveness of Alternative Monetary Policy Tools in a Zero Lower Bound Environment," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 44, pages 3-46, February.
    4. Krugman, Paul, 1988. "Financing vs. forgiving a debt overhang," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 253-268, November.
    5. Kopf, Christian, 2011. "Restoring financial stability in the euro area," CEPS Papers 4292, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    6. Joseph E. Gagnon & Matthew Raskin & Julie Remache & Brian P. Sack, 2011. "Large-scale asset purchases by the Federal Reserve: did they work?," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue May, pages 41-59.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jakob Eberl & Christopher Weber, 2014. "ECB Collateral Criteria: A Narrative Database 2001-2013," ifo Working Paper Series 174, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    2. Galariotis, Emilios C. & Krokida, Styliani-Iris & Spyrou, Spyros I., 2016. "Herd behavior and equity market liquidity: Evidence from major markets," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 140-149.
    3. Lannoo, Karel, 2013. "The New Financial Regulatory Paradigm: A transatlantic perspective," CEPS Papers 7856, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    4. Alcidi, Cinzia & Giovannini, Alessandro & Piedrafita, Sonia, 2014. "Enhancing the Legitimacy of EMU Governance," CEPS Papers 9914, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    5. repec:eee:jbfina:v:86:y:2018:i:c:p:1-20 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Stefano Micossi, 2015. "The Monetary Policy of the European Central Bank (2002-2015)," Bruges European Economic Policy Briefings 35, European Economic Studies Department, College of Europe.
    7. Aitor Erce, 2014. "Cross‐Border Banking, Externalities And Sovereign Distress: Does The Euro Need A Common Banking Authority?," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(3), pages 188-203, July.
    8. Ansgar Belke, 2013. "Towards a Genuine Economic and Monetary Union—Comments on a Roadmap," Politics and Governance, Cogitatio Press, vol. 1(1), pages 48-65.
    9. repec:aic:revebs:y:2017:j:19:melnicf is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Ansgar Belke & Florian Verheyen, 2013. "Europäische Geldpolitik während der europäischen Schuldenkrise: Synopse und Evaluation," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 82(2), pages 97-112.
    11. Ansgar Belke & Florian Verheyen, 2014. "The Low-Interest-Rate Environment, Global Liquidity Spillovers and Challenges for Monetary Policy Ahead," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 56(2), pages 313-334, June.

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