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The Aggregate Demand Effects of Short- and Long-Term Interest Rates

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  • Michael T. Kiley

    (Federal Reserve Board)

Abstract

I develop empirical models of the U.S. economy that distinguish between the aggregate demand effects of short- and long-term interest rates—one with clear “microfoundations” and one more loosely motivated. These models are estimated using government and private long-term bond yields. Estimation results suggest that both short- and long-term interest rates influence aggregate spending. The results indicate that the short-term interest rate has a larger influence on economic activity, through its impact on the entire term structure, than term and risk premiums (for equal-sized movements in long-term interest rates). Potential policy implications are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael T. Kiley, 2014. "The Aggregate Demand Effects of Short- and Long-Term Interest Rates," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 10(4), pages 69-104, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ijc:ijcjou:y:2014:q:4:a:3
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. How effective is quantitative easing in stimulating economic activity and raising inflation?
      by thebusinesscycleblog in The business cycle blog on 2016-05-10 03:24:10
    2. The Federal Reserve’s Monetary Policy Toolkit: Past, Present, and Future
      by ? in The Big Picture on 2016-08-29 14:00:00

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kiley, Michael T., 2015. "What Can the Data Tell Us About the Equilibrium Real Interest Rate?," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2015-77, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    2. Michael T. Kiley, 2014. "The Response of Equity Prices to Movements in Long‐Term Interest Rates Associated with Monetary Policy Statements: Before and After the Zero Lower Bound," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 46(5), pages 1057-1071, August.
    3. Hibiki Ichiue & Yoichi Ueno, 2018. "A Survey-based Shadow Rate and Unconventional Monetary Policy Effects," IMES Discussion Paper Series 18-E-05, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.
    4. Bernanke, Ben S., 2012. "Monetary Policy since the Onset of the Crisis : a speech at the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City Economic Symposium, Jackson Hole, Wyoming, August 31, 2012," Speech 645, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    5. Grzegorz Wesołowski, 2016. "Do long term interest rates drive GDP and inflation in small open economies? Evidence from Poland," NBP Working Papers 242, Narodowy Bank Polski, Economic Research Department.
    6. Masazumi Hattori & Andreas Schrimpf & Vladyslav Sushko, 2016. "The Response of Tail Risk Perceptions to Unconventional Monetary Policy," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 8(2), pages 111-136, April.
    7. Ireland, Peter N., 2015. "Monetary policy, bond risk premia, and the economy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 124-140.
    8. Tamim Bayoumi & Giovanni Dell'Ariccia & Karl F Habermeier & Tommaso Mancini Griffoli & Fabian Valencia, 2014. "Monetary Policy in the New Normal," IMF Staff Discussion Notes 14/3, International Monetary Fund.
    9. Charles Evans & Jonas Fisher & Francois Gourio & Spencer Krane, 2015. "Risk Management for Monetary Policy Near the Zero Lower Bound," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 46(1 (Spring), pages 141-219.
    10. Kiley, Michael T., 2016. "Monetary policy statements, treasury yields, and private yields: Before and after the zero lower bound," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 285-290.
    11. Nathan Sussman & Osnat Zohar, 2018. "Has inflation targeting become less credible?," BIS Working Papers 729, Bank for International Settlements.
    12. Michael T. Kiley, 2013. "Exchange rates, monetary policy statements, and uncovered interest parity: before and after the zero lower bound," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2013-17, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    13. Kimura Takeshi & Nakajima Jouchi, 2016. "Identifying conventional and unconventional monetary policy shocks: a latent threshold approach," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 16(1), pages 277-300, January.
    14. Michael T. Kiley, 2018. "Quantitative Easing and the “New Normal” in Monetary Policy," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2018-004, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    15. Doh, Taeyoung & Cao, Guangye & Molling, Daniel, 2015. "Should monetary policy monitor risk premiums in financial markets?," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Q I, pages 7-30.
    16. Williams, John C., 2013. "A defense of moderation in monetary policy," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 38(PB), pages 137-150.
    17. Putnam, Bluford H., 2013. "Essential concepts necessary to consider when evaluating the efficacy of quantitative easing," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 1-7.
    18. Rubio, Margarita, 2016. "Short and long-term interest rates and the effectiveness of monetary and macroprudential policies," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 47(PA), pages 103-115.
    19. Ben S. Bernanke, 2012. "Opening remarks: monetary policy since the onset of the crisis," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, pages 1-22.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General

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